CLASS NOTES FOR CRITICAL PERIOD UNIT!

*ARTICLES OF CONFEDERATION (1781-1789)
- "A firm league of friendship!"
- some unity during the Revolution needed to win
- each colony unwilling to give up too much power
- people loyal to state not entire country
-CONFEDERATION: each state retains the major powers
of government with a weak central government

*How did it work? (problems)
1. No chief executive
2. No Judicial system (states have own system)
3. "Committee of 13 States" (Congress)
-Unicamerial house 2/3 vote or 9 to pass
4.
Congress may tax, but not collect!
5. Congress may not draft
6. Congress cannot regulate trade (state control)
7. No national currency
8. all 13 votes needed to amend

*Protected States Rights: idea that the state has the
right to limit the power of the Fed. government

*POSITIVES: outlined a plan for government/idea of unity

*DIVIDING UP WESTERN LANDS*
-Each state claims western lands = arguments
-other problem "How can new states be admitted?"

********PROFICIENCY ALERT*****************
*LAND ORDINANCE OF 1785* (see picture)
1. land divided into Townships
2. each township 6 sq. miles
3. each township 36 sections
4. each section 640 acres - 1 sq. mile
5. each section sold for $1.00
6. profit for 16th section goes to education
*money used to pay war debts/excellent records kept
standard of division until 1862

****PROFICIENCY ALERT*****************
*NORTH WEST ORDINANCE OF 1787* (see picture)
-Establishes North West Territory - subordinate to federal government  -(a territory is US land which is not a state that is controlled by the Federal Government)
-3 to 5 new states (OH,IND,ILL,Mich,Wis)
-new states equal to original 13
-no slavery/ trial by jury/public education/free religion


 

 

*PROBLEMS FOR THE NEW NATION*
-Foreign affairs:
1.
UK: refuse to leave western forts
stop triangular trade routes
make trade agreements with individual states
2.
France: wants war loans paid off
restricts trade
3.
Spain: Closes New Orleans to American ships
Stirs up Indians
4. Pirates: steal/capture/US too weak to fight

-Economic: -States do not pay taxes to Fed. government
-Border disputes between states
-interests on war debt/no national credit
-13 worthless currencies
-each state charges tariffs

*SHAY'S REBELLION*
-Backwoods veterans losing land
-high demand for food during war = farmers took out loans and grew more food = less demand after war = banks want to be repaid = farmers have no $ = banks foreclose and take farms!
-Farmers want: less tax/more paper $/no foreclosures
****RIOT!**** - put down by Mass. Militia
Results- Rich people fear future rebellion
need for a strong central government