Madison and the War of 1812 Guided Notes

DIRECTIONS: During this unit, we will discuss basic concepts surrounding “Madison and the War of 1812”.  Complete the essential questions for each topic using classroom discussions, class notes, your text book, and  This guide through the material can be used to help you compose your History Journal short essay questions, study for tests and quizzes and answer questions during classroom review sessions


Meet James Madison


A.  The Election of 1808:



Election of 1808 Ballot


           Candidates Name: _______________


           Political Party: _______________


           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:




            Candidates Name: _______________


            Political Party: _______________


            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:





Who would you vote for and why?: __________________________________________________


Who did the American people vote for and why?: _______________________________________


B.  Madison as President:


1.  James Madison was from the state of _______________.


2.  He will serve _____ terms as president and be re-elected in the Election of 1812.


3.  Madison holds the same political beliefs and philosophies as ______________.


4.  ____________ Madison was the first lady and famous wife of James Madison.


Problems with the Native Americans in the West


C.  Tecumseh and the Prophet:


1.  _______________ was a Native American warrior who lead a rebellion against the United

    States in the Indiana Territory.


2.  He was added by his brother known as the _______________ who began a religious revival

     among Native Americans.


3.  Many Native Americans from across the territories came to “Prophet’s Town” in Indian to hear

     the prophet’s message which called on Native Americans to give up the ways of the


     _______________ because of their corrupting influence.


4.  Many of these people were recruited by Tecumseh to _______________ in his army against

     the United States.


D.  The Battle of Tippecanoe (1811):


1.  William Henry ____________ was the governor of Indiana at the time of Tecumseh’s revolt.


2.  When Harrison learned of a plot by Tecumseh to ________________ him, he lead an

     American army into battle with Tecumseh’s men.  This famous battle was known as the Battle


     of _______________.


3.  At the Battle of ___________ Tecumseh and his armies were _______________ by Harrison


     and the Prophet was discredited.   Tecumseh escaped to _____________ to fight another



4.  After the battle, Harrison ____________ and destroyed many Native American villages.


5.  The Battle of Tippecanoe made William Henry Harrison extremely ____________ around the



Problems with England and the Causes of the War of 1812


E.  Madison’s Solutions to the European Problem:


1.  When Madison took office both _______________ and _______________ were still at war.


2.  Both sides continued to _______________ American shipping  and trade in order to ensure

     that the United States would not help their enemy.


3.  Jefferson had tried an _______________ to end these problems, however the


     _______________ hurt American businesses more than it hurt the European powers.


4.  After taking office Madison tried a new strategy.  He promised to trade only with the first nation


     that agreed to leave American ____________ alone and promised not to trade with that


     nation’s enemy ______________.


5.  The leader of France _______________, agreed quickly to this new proposal; however


     England did not agree quickly causing poor relations with _______________.


F.  Causes of the War of 1812:


1.  Once again relations between _______________ and the United States would become



2.  The English often aided _______________ attacks of western settlements.


3.  The English also _______________ many American sailors they captured.


4.  Impressment” means: ________________________________________________________.


5.  Many Americans also still had an attachment to _______________ because of their help

     during the American Revolution.


6.  The English also refuse to abandon their western ______________ as they agreed to under

     the Treaty of Paris.


7.  Many members of Congress known as the _______________ also wanted war with England


     in order to perhaps capture _______________.


8.  The leaders of the _______________ were _______________ and ________________.


9.  The British _______________ also took a long time to agree to leave American


     _______________ alone and the message that they finally agreed took months to cross the  



10.  For these and other reasons, the United States once again went to war with


     _______________ in 1812.


The War of 1812 (Mr. Madison’s War)


G.  The War at Sea:


1.  The small American navy could not compete with the _______________ navy who was the


     _______________ navy in the world.


2.  The English at the start of the war ____________ or closed off all American ports.


3.  The “USS _______________”, known as _______________ did win several small victories for

     the United States.


F.  The Invasion of Canada (1812):


1.  The _______________ in Congress sought new land in Canada.


2.  The American army planned a _____ pronged attack on British Canada by attacking at Detroit,

     Niagara, and Lake Champlain.


3.  The American invasion of Canada was a complete _______________ with the American army

     losing the battles at all three fronts.


G.  Harrison Strikes Back (1813):


1.  William Henry Harrison led an American Army to recapture Fort _______________.


2.  Harrison wished to continue marching into _______________ but the English still controlled


     Lake _______________ at his back.


H.  The Battle of Lake Erie (1813):


1.  Commodore Oliver Hazard ____________ was given order to defeat the British navy in Lake





2.  Perry _______________ an entire fleet near what is now _______________ Pennsylvania.


3.  Later Perry and his fleet fought an epic battle near ____________ Ohio with the motto “Don’t


     give up the _______________” 


4.  Perry was _______________ in the Battle of Lake Erie and sent a message to Madison which


     read “____________________________________”.


I.  The Battle of the Thames (1813):


1.  With the American victory in Lake Erie, Harrison could now move his army into ___________.


2.  At a small battle, known as the Battle of the Thames, _______________ disappears.


J.  Other Military Actions in 1813:


1.  The American army attacked and ______________ Toronto, while the English retaliated by


     burning _______________ New York.


K.  A New English Plan for winning the War (1814):


1.  In 1814, the English and other European nations were finally able to defeat


     _______________.  This would allow the English to send their best troops to North America.


2.  The English planned to attack south into _______________, launch amphibious attacks on the


     _______________ Bay, and take the city of _______________ in order to control the

     Mississippi River.


L.  Washington Burned (1814):


1.  In 1814, the English army attacked the American capital of _______________.


2.  After little resistance, the British took the capital and _______________ most of the city


     including the _______________ and the Capital.


3.  James and Dolly Madison nearly escaped, but Dolly was able to save the most famous portrait


     of _______________.


M.  Fort McHenry (1814):


1.  After burning Washington, the British continued up the Chesapeake Bay to attack the city of




2.  After a small land battle which the Americans stood their ground, the English turned their


     attention to Fort ______________ which guarded the city from invasion. 



3.  After a 25 hour bombardment, Fort _______________ refused to _______________.


4.  An American on board a British ship named _______________ who witnessed the battle was

     so inspired by the large American flag still flying over the fort penciled the words to the


     ________________ which is now our national anthem.


N.  The Treaty of Ghent (1814):


1.  The “Treaty of Ghent” would eventually _______________ the War of 1812.


2.  The treaty returned the _______________ to they were before the war and said nothing about




O.  The Battle of New Orleans (1815):


1.  Word of the “Treaty of Ghent” had not yet ________________ North America.


2.  Andrew _______________, nicknamed _______________, led an American army to


     _______________ in order to defend against a British attack.


3.  With the help of _______________, Jackson was able to route the British assault. 


4.  Even though it had taken place after the war had officially ended, the “Battle of New Orleans


     was the ________________ American victory during the war and made Jackson a national




P.  Results of the War of 1812:


1.  American gained international _______________ for standing up to the English once again.


2.  A feeling of _______________ swept across the nation.


3.  Nationalism” is: _________________________________________________________.


4.  The _______________  Party would be destroyed because of their anti-war stance and the


     _______________ which suggested that New England leave the union.