Monroe to Tyler Guided Notes

DIRECTIONS: During this unit, we will discuss basic concepts surrounding “Monroe’s to Tyler’s Administrations”.  Complete the essential questions for each topic using classroom discussions, class notes, your text book, and www.mrgigliotti.com.  This guide through the material can be used to help you compose your History Journal short essay questions, study for tests and quizzes and answer questions during classroom review sessions

 

Meet James Monroe

 

A.  The Election of 1816:

 

 

Election of 1816 Ballot

 

           Candidates Name: _______________

 

           Political Party: _______________

 

           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

           _______________________________

 

            Candidates Name: _______________

 

            Political Party: _______________

 

            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

            _______________________________

 

 

Who would you vote for and why?: ________________________________________________

 

Who did the American people vote for and why?: ______________________________________

 

B.  Monroe as President:

 

1.  James Monroe served _____ terms as president after being reelected in 1820.

 

2.  James Monroe was from the state of _______________.

 

3.  John Quincy _______________ was Monroe’s Secretary of _______________.

 

C.  The Era of Good Feelings:

 

1.  After the “War of 1812” and the “Hartford Convention” the _______________ party died out.

 

2.  During the “Era of Good Feelings” no ____________ existed in the United States and most

 

     people approved and loved _______________.

 

3.  At the same time widespread _______________ swept across the country.

 

4.  For the first time, people in the United States saw themselves as ________________ and not    

     merely citizens of their state. 

 

5.  Truly American items such as artwork and other original items including “_______________

     Dictionarywere created during this time period.

 

 

 

 

D.  Henry Clay’s American System:

 

1.  Henry Clay felt that after the War of 1812 that the United States should be completely

 

     _______________ and provide for all of its agricultural and manufacturing needs.

2.  Clay devised a plan to make the United States self sufficient called the _______________.

 

3.  Clay’s “_______________ System” envisioned factories in _______________ making

 

     _______________ goods, farms in the _______________ and South to grow

 

     _______________ goods, and that ______________ should be built to transport them around

     the nation.

 

4.  To spite the planning, Henry Clay’s “American System” was never _______________.

 

Monroe’s Foreign Policy

 

E.  Independence for Latin America:

 

1.  Latin America refers to __________________________________________________.

 

2.  In the early 1800’s, the people of Latin America began to _______________ against the

 

     _______________ who had colonized Latin America for over 300 years and who were too

     weak at the time to keep them from becoming independent.

 

3.  Their leader was a man named Simon _______________.

 

F.  Jackson and Florida:

 

1.  The Spanish in Florida often incited _______________ attacks across the border into the

     United States.

 

2.  Monroe sent an American army led by ______________ to guard the border with Florida. 

 

     Monroe ordered _______________ not to the _________________ under any circumstances.

 

3.  Jackson immediately _______________ Monroe’s order and marched his army into

 

     _______________.  Jackson attacked ________________ forces and even held the Spanish

 

     _______________ prisoner.  He then claimed Florida for the _______________.

 

4.  In order to fix the situation, Monroe sent _______________ to negotiate a treaty with the

     Spanish over Florida known as the “Adams-Onis Treaty”.

 

5.  The “Adams-Onis” Treaty stated that the United States would take possession of

 

     _______________ and in return ________________ Spain a small sum for the territory.

 

6.  Thinking Question: Why do you think Monroe did not punish Jackson for disobeying orders?

 

 

 

 

G.  Monroe Doctrine:

 

1.  After the Spanish colonies in Latin America declared their independence, many nations in

     Europe promised to _______________ the Spanish re-conquer them by force.

 

2.  In response to this, Monroe issued a policy known as the _______________ which stated that

 

     the United States would not permit any further European ________________ of the Western

     Hemisphere by force if necessary.

 

3.  Circle the Western Hemisphere on the map:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Monroe at Home and the Industrial Revolution

 

H.  A Developing West:

 

1.  Between 1791 and 1819 _____ new _______________ were admitted to the Union including

     Tennessee, Kentucky, Ohio, Indiana, Louisiana, Illinois, Mississippi, Arkansas and Alabama.

 

2.  The main reasons for this expansion were the land was _______________ and there were no

 

     _______________ powers in the way.

 

I.  Improvements and Inventions:

 

1.  During Monroe’s Administration many _______________ and _______________ were

     constructed to improve transportation.

 

2.  The most famous of these road was known as the ______________ Pike or National Road

     which connected Baltimore with Illinois.

 

3.  A “canal” is: ______________________________________________________________.

 

4.  The most famous of these “canals” was known as the ______________ which connect Lake

     Ontario with the Hudson River in New York.

 

5.  Also during Monroe’s Administration there were many new important ____________ created.

 

6.  Robert _______________ invented the _______________ which improved travel at sea and

     on the nation’s many rivers.

 

7.  The McCormick _______________ also was a major improvement in farming.

 

8.  Eli _______________ invented the _______________ which was used to remove the seeds

 

     from ______________ plants on plantations and made ______________ a profitable crop.

 

9.  Whitney’s _______________ unfortunately forever tied the use of _______________ labor in

     the South which might have died out on its own had it not been invented. 

J.  The Industrial Revolution:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


K.  The Election of 1824:

 

 

Election of 1824 Ballot

 

           Candidates Name: _______________

 

           Home State: _______________

 

           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

           _______________________________

 

            Candidates Name: _______________

 

            Home State: _______________

 

            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

            _______________________________

 

           Candidates Name: _______________

 

           Home State: _______________

 

           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

           _______________________________

 

            Candidates Name: _______________

 

            Home State: _______________

 

            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

            _______________________________

 

Who would you vote for and why?: ________________________________________________

 

L.  Interpreting the Results of the Election of 1824:

 


1.  Use the graphics provided to answer

     the questions below:

 

 

a.  Which candidate received the MOST

     popular votes?

 

 

 

b.  Which candidate received a

     MAJORITY (or 51%) of popular votes?

 

 

 

c.  Which candidate received the MOST electoral votes?

 

 

 

d.  Which candidate received a MAJORITY (or 51% or 131 votes) of the electoral votes?

 

 

 

e.  *Thinking Question: What is the result of these election results?

 

 

 

 

 

M.  The “Corrupt Bargain”:

 

1.  When no candidate receives a majority of electoral votes in a presidential election the

 

     ____________ decides the election by voting for one of the top two vote getters.

 

2.  Therefore the Election of 1824 was a contest between _______________ and

 

     _______________ in the House of Representatives.

 

3.  Henry _______________, who was the “Speaker of the House”, made a deal with

 

     _______________ in which he would ensure that the House would elect _______________ if

 

     Henry _______________ was given a position as Secretary of _______________.

 

4.  This political deal went through and _______________ become President of the United

 

     States.  _______________ supporters referred to this deal as the _______________.

 

N.  Analyzing History and Comparing Elections:

 

1.  What similarities do you see between the

     Election of 1824 and the Election of 2000?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

O.  J.Q. Adams as President:

 

1.  John Quincy Adams was the son of _______________.  Adams typically favored the

 

     _______________ and a foreign policy of _______________.

 

2.  Although J.Q. Adams had a grand vision to improve _______________ and ______________

     in the United States, he was unable to accomplish his goals because of the controversial

     election.

 

P.  Growth of Democracy:

 

1.  Between 1824 and 1828 many new people became eligible to _______________.

 

2.  In 1824, the only people who were allowed to vote were _______________,

 

     ________________, who owned _______________.

 

 

 

3.  By 1828 however, many states removed _______________ as a requirement to vote.

 

4.  This will allow many more _______________ people to vote in 1828 and change voting in the

     United States forever.

 

Q.  New Political Parties:

 

1.  After the controversial Election of 1824 the _______________ ended.

 

2.  Two new _______________ were formed within the United States which included the

 

     ____________ and the _______________.

 

3.  The “Democrats”, who were supporters of _______________ favored the _______________.

 

4.  The “Whigs”, who were supporters of _______________ favored the _______________.

 

R.  The Tariff of Abominations:

 

1.  During J.Q. Adams’ administration a high _______________ was placed on foreign imports.

 

2.  This tariff became very unpopular because high tariffs often hurt the _______________

 

     because the goods often become more ______________.

 

S.  How does a Tariff work?

 

1.  Example:

 

     - A Japanese car sells for $18,000                      - A similar American car sells for $20,000

 

     -Which car will most consumers buy?  Why?

 

 

 *Now let’s add the tariff:

 

     - A Japanese car sells for $18,000                      - A similar American car sells for $20,000

                                    + Tariff $3,000                                                                       no tariff $0

                                     -------------------                                                                     ----------------

 

      -What is the price of each car now?

 

 

      -What is likely to happen to the price of the American car at this point?  What effect will this

       have on consumers especially the poor?

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

T.  The Election of 1828: (Use the Infographic)

 

 

Election of 1828 Ballot

 

           Candidates Name: _______________

 

           Political Party: _______________

 

           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

           _______________________________

 

            Candidates Name: _______________

 

            Political Party: _______________

 

            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

            _______________________________

 

 

Who did the American

people vote for and why?:

 

What is the difference between

The Elections of 1824 & 1828?

Explain your answer:

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

U.  Andrew Jackson’s Report Card:

 

(see report card)

 

 

 

V.  The Election of 1836:

 

 

Election of 1836 Ballot

 

           Candidates Name: _______________

 

           Political Party: _______________

 

           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

           _______________________________

 

            Candidates Name: _______________

 

            Political Party: _______________

 

            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

            _______________________________

 

 

Who would you vote for and why?: ________________________________________________

 

Who did the American people vote for and why?: ______________________________________

 

W.  Martin Van Buren as President:

 

1.  Van Buren was often nicknamed the _______________ because of his ability to get difficult

     political deals done.

 

2.  Although Jackson supported Van Buren’s election bid, Van Buren would become

     _______________ during his _____ term in office because of a poor _______________.

 

X.  The Panic of 1837:

 

1.  A “panic” is another term for an economic _______________, in which the nation’s economy

     struggles for a time period.

 

2.  Although the poor economy in 1837 was not really _______________ fault, the public blamed

     him for the poor economic conditions.

 

Y.  The Election of 1840:

 

 

Election of 1840 Ballot

 

           Candidates Name: _______________

 

           Political Party: _______________

 

           Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

           _______________________________

 

            Candidates Name: _______________

 

            Political Party: _______________

 

            Platform, Beliefs, Issues:

 

            _______________________________

 

 

Who did the American people vote for and why?: ______________________________________

 

 

Z.  Famous Campaign:

 

1.  William Henry _______________ ran a _______________ campaign in which he constructed

     small log cabins in various places around the country and invited voters to stop by and visit

     him.

 

2.  William Henry _______________ also came up with a catchy campaign slogan which read

 

     “____________ and _______________ Too!”  This was a reference to the Battle of

 

     _______________ that made Harrison a national hero and his running mate.

 

AA.  William Henry Harrison as President:

 

1.  Harrison gave an extremely long inauguration _______________ under poor weather

     conditions.

 

2.  After only _____ month in office, Harrison becomes _______________ and becomes the first

 

     president to _______________ in office.

 

AB.  John Tyler as President:

 

1.  After the _______________ of Harrison, former Vice President ____________ became

     president.

 

2.  Tyler although he was a _____________ acted much more like a _______________ and was

     not a popular president.

 

Space for additional notes: