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  The American Colonization Society was an abolitionist group based in New England.  Many abolitionists felt that before the slaves could be freed, there must be a plan in place to help the slaves in their new found freedom.  The American Colonization Society raised money in an effort
to return freed slaves to the western coast of Africa.  They even established a country for the freed slaves to live in called Liberia with a capital city named Monroevilla after President Monroe (1819).  Liberia still exists today and even has a flag which is very similar to the Stars and Stripes.  In the end only about 20,000 freed slaves moved to Liberia.  Most slaves felt no connection to their African ancestry and pointed out that they has lived in America just as long as their former masters.  Most freed slaves desired to be Americans and remained here in the United States.