Road to Revolution Timeline of Events
1754 -1763- The French & Indian War
1764 - The Sugar Act
1765 - The Quartering Act & Stamp Act
1766 - The Declatory Act
1767 - Townshend Acts
1770 - The
1770 - 1772 The Quiet Period
1772 - The Gaspee Incident
1773 - The Tea Act & Boston Tea Party
1774 - The Intolerable Acts
The Road to Revolution Key Terms
A. Key Terms:
1. A colonist is ______________________________________________________________?
2. The English are ___________________________________________________________?
The French and Indian War (Seven Years War 1754-1763)
B. North American Map Review and Introduction:
1. Maps can often illustrate various historical events and changes. Look at the two maps below.
What nations controlled parts of
C. Life in the Colonies:
1. Prior to 1754, people in the colonies enjoyed _______________ like no other place in
2. The colonies had _______________ natural resources, thousands of acres of available
_______________, and a large amount of _______________ government?
D. A Bigger World:
1. The colonies were often affected by ______________ that took place in other parts of the
2. European nations such as
often at _______________ with one another and sometimes those ______________ spilled
over into the ______________?
3. Prior to 1754, _______________ and _______________ had fought three major
______________ which included: King Williams War (1688-1697), Queen Anns War (1702-
1713), and King Georges War (1744-1748). These _______________ were each part of
conflicts that included fighting in
2. The English had built _______________ near the Forks of the ______________ River?
3. The French sent their _______________ allies to attack and destroy the English
4. The French also build a chain of _______________ between ______________ and the
5. Land speculators in
River near which the French had built their _____________?
6. To secure
officer in the
Fighting Along the Banks of the
1. When the French refused to _______________, George _______________ returned to the
of the _______________ with an army of 150
_______________ a small French force?
2. Although initially
_______________ attacked and built another
3. To defend against the French _______________
4. Outnumbered 4 to 1,
the battle of Great Meadows on
5. This series of events led to the beginning of the _______________ which was part of a larger
world war known as the _______________?
6. The _______________ War was fought between the _______________ and the
_______________ against the _________________ and their ________________ allies?
1. Each of the 13 colonies fielded a _______________ or an army, to fight with the regular
English troops against the French and the Indians.
2. At a meeting in
suggested that the colonies _______________ their militias in order to defend the colonies
and fight the French?
3. His plan was _______________ by both the colonies and the king; however it was the first
time that anyone had suggested _______________ the colonies?
4. Why do you think that the colonies would be opposed to uniting their militias? Why
might the English king have forbad a united colonial army?
H. English Defeats and French Victories:
1. The English general sent to the colonies to lead the British army against the French was
named General _______________?
2. General ____________ colonial aid was none other than _______________?
3. General _______________ decided to attack Fort Duquesne using _______________ style
warfare in which soldiers stood in straight lines out in the open even though
________________ had warned him that the French would be fighting much like the
_______________ and hiding behind cover?
4. At the Battle of the Wilderness, the English were _______________ very badly and General
_______________ was _______________?
5. With the Battle of the Wilderness and other British _______________ around the world, the
war was not going well for _______________?
I. A New English Leader:
1. The group of legislators who make laws in
2. The leader of the _______________ is known as the _______________?
3. In 1757, William _______________ became
4. Pitt felt that even though the English also
were fighting the French in
the English should focus on winning the war in _______________ first?
5. What THREE improvements did William Pitt make to win the French and Indian War?
a. b. c.
The Tide Turns in Favor of
1. With Pitts efforts the war begins to turn in favor of the _______________?
2. The English are able to capture
after their Prime Minister?
3. The city of _______________ now stands were
Forks of the
4. The English are also victorious in several
other _______________ in
around the world?
2. The English general at the Battle of Quebec was named _______________?
3. The French general at the Battle of Quebec was named ______________?
4. The English army under the command of _______________ surprised the French forces by
_______________ the steep cliffs around the city during the night?
5. The French were _______________ at the Battle of Quebec on the Plains
The Treaty of
1. With English
War (Seven Years War) was ended in 1763 with the signing of the
Treaty of _______________?
2. As a result of the Treaty of Paris the French were forced to give up all claims to
M. Results of the French and Indian War:
1. Although the English were victorious over
2. The English felt that the _______________ should pay for the war?
3. To raise money, the English will begin to place a series of ______________ on the colonists
and begin to strictly enforce the Navigation Acts?
4. The Colonists saw during the war that the English army was not _______________?
5. After the war, many colonists begin to think that now that the French were no longer a threat
who needs the _______________ anymore?
A Growing Rift
N. Colonial Unity and Disunity:
1. Each one of the original 13 Colonies was _______________ and ______________?
2. The colonies were not ______________ in anyway and had little to do with one another?
3. After the French and Indian War, the colonist realized that even though they were all very
different, they did all had one thing in common which was _______________?
O. Pontiacs Rebellion (1763):
1. After the French and Indian War, English settlers began to move ______________ into land
already occupied by _______________?
2. Native Americans near the
_______________ began to _______________ these English settlements?
3. Although the Native Americans were somewhat successful in their attacks, they were never
able to take the English ______________?
4. General _______________ decided to use a form of biological warfare against the Native
Americans by giving them blankets infected with _______________?
5. After a decisive battle in
_______________ by the English?
P. The Proclamation Line of 1763:
1. The English realized that an _______________ would be needed to protect western colonial
settlers from future Native American attacks and that maintaining such an _______________
would be very _______________?
2. With little money to spend on the further defense of the colonies, the British passed a law
know as the Proclamation of 1763 which stated that colonists could not move
3. Colonists _______________ the Proclamation of 1763 and many colonists disobeyed the
1. After the French and Indian War, the relationship between the ______________ and
_______________ began to sour.
2. The French and Indian War left
_______________ should pay for the war and their own defense?
3. The English began to place a series of ______________ on the colonists and also begin to
strictly enforce the _______________?
4. The Colonists did not feel that they should have to pay these new _______________ because
they had no _______________ in the English Parliament?
R. Getting What the English Want:
1. Prime Minister Grenville decides that not only should the colonists have to pay new
_______________, but that the ________________ must be strictly enforce in order to raise
money for the English Treasury?
2. The _______________ required that all ships
carrying cargo from the colonies to
go through _______________ first, to support the economic theory of _______________?
3. Admiralty _______________ with English judges were set up to try those people who
violated the Navigation Acts?
4. A Writ of _______________, was an English _______________ that allowed the authorities
to search for anything, anywhere, and at anytime?
5. The English would used _______________, known as _______________ because
of their bright red uniforms, as policemen in order to enforce the laws?
S. The Sugar Act (1764):
1. The Sugar
Act was an English tax on _______________ from the
2. Another word for a tax on an item is a ______________?
3. Even though the Sugar Act only effected a small number of colonists, the colonists
_______________ the act until it was eventually lowered?
T. The Quartering Act (1765):
1. The Quartering Act required that colonists allow English _______________ to live in their
2. Give TWO reasons why the English would want to establish the Quartering Act?
U. The Stamp Act (1765):
1. The Stamp Act was an English tax on all _______________ products?
2. Colonists reacted _______________ to the Stamp Act and _________________ broke out
in nearly all of the major colonial cities?
3. Colonists stated that since they did not have _______________ in Parliament that they did
not have to pay the tax?
4. The colonists famous slogan to express this idea was: _____________________________?
5. The colonists stated that they would only pay taxes passed by Colonial _______________
were they had _______________?
6. A meeting in
deal with the Stamp Act was called _______________?
7. When a _______________ to the King and Parliament did not work, colonial leaders
established a ______________ of all British goods in the colonies?
8. A boycott is: ______________________________________________________________?
9. A group of angry colonists led by _______________ known as the ______________ enforced
the boycott through the use of _______________ means?
10. Eventually, because English business were
losing money due to the boycott
_______________ or took away the Stamp Act in 1766?
11. Parliament did however also pass a law known as the _______________ which stated that
Things Heat Up!
V. The Townshend Acts (1767):
1. In 1767,
the colonies such as _______________________________________________________?
2. The colonists once again began a boycott known as the _______________?
3. The _______________ was unsuccessful because colonists were not as angry about the
Townshend Acts as they were about the _______________?
4. Why do you think that the colonists were not as upset about the Townshend Acts as they
were about the Stamp Act? What is the difference between a Direct and an Indirect tax?
1. The City of Boston was a hotbed of anti-British activities largely because of the
_______________ who often tormented British Soldiers within the city?
2. In March of 1770, a group of angry colonists began to _______________ British soldiers
customs house in
3. Many of the colonists tossed _______________ with rocks inside them at the British soldiers
and some of the colonists even brandished large clubs?
4. Tensions rose between the colonists and the British soldiers until the redcoats accidentally
_______________ on the crowd who had gathered to protest them.
5. When the smoke cleared, five colonists had been _______________ including
_______________ who was a freed slave and is often considered the first causality of the
6. Some of the British soldiers who fired the
shots were put on trial in
represented by _______________, the finest lawyer in
7. Member of the Sons of Liberty used the incident as _______________?
8. Propaganda is: ___________________________________________________________?
9. Look a Paul Reveres famous carving of the Boston Massacre below. What do you see
taking place in the picture below? From whose point of view was it created? How might this
picture effect the colonists perception of the British?
X. Colonial Leaders:
1. After the Boston Massacre leaders in each of the colonies began to communicate news
about the British in their colonies by circulating letters to one another in what was known as
the Committee of_______________?
2. List at least FOUR colonial leaders below. You should also indicate which colony they are
from in the chart provided.
Colony They are From:
Y. The Quiet Period (1770-1772):
1. After the Boston Massacre in 1770, a calm period of time in which tensions between the
2. The new King of England at this time was named King _______________?
Z. The Gaspee Incident (1772):
1. The HMS Gaspee was a British _______________ that ran aground off the coast
of ______________ in 1772 while enforcing the Navigation Acts?
2. The Sons of Liberty _______________ the ship and placed its captain on _______________
for stealing colonial goods?
3. While the Sons of Liberty used the Gaspee Incident as _______________ this action
effectively ended the Quiet Period?
AA. The Tea Act (1773):
1. The British government gave the _______________ Tea Company a _______________ on
all tea sold in the colonies?
2. A monopoly is: ____________________________________________________________?
3. Colonists feared that if the British could impose a _______________ on tea, they might also
on other items which would hurt colonial businesses and allow
control the price of these items?
4. Colonists worried that if they _______________ the tea it would appear that they
_______________ with the Tea Act?
1. Meetings were held in
2. When the royal governor of
dressed up like
_______________, boarded the tea ships
____________ the tea into the ocean? This was known as the _______________?
3. Many colonists supported the _______________ and tea ships in other cities were ordered by
the British to return to _______________?
AC. The Intolerable Acts (1774):
1. The Intolerable
or Coercive Acts were laws imposed by King George III on
2. King George III wanted
colonies that he was in _______________?
3. List and Describe the SIX parts of the Intolerable Acts below:
AD. The First Continental Congress (1774):
1. Although the Intolerable Acts only affected the people in
people in other colonies feared that the same thing could happen in their _______________?
2. Representatives from several colonies met in _______________ in order to decide what to do
about the Intolerable Acts?
3. The members of the First Continental Congress agreed to _______________ all British
goods until the Intolerable Acts were _______________?
4. The members of the First Continental Congress also agreed that each colony should begin
forming and training a _______________ or citizen _______________?
5. The First
Continental Congress also agreed to _________________ the people of
smuggling in supplies, to ______________ again and even discussed _______________ the
1. General ______________ was placed in charge
2. _______________ sent 700 of his redcoats out of
from an _______________ in
members of the Sons of Liberty such as Samuel Adams?
3. An arsenal is: ________________________________________________________?
4. Colonists named _______________ and ______________ warned citizens along the road
5. Those warnings alerted the _______________ who were members of the militia who
promised to be ready at a _____________ notice?
6. Seventy Minutemen met the advancing British army in the town of _______________ and
refused to let the British pass?
7. During this encounter a _______________ rang out and the two sides exchanged fire. This
was known as the _______________?
9. Another small battle took place on
_______________ and the British in which the colonists were _______________?
10. The British began a long and bloody march
of _______________ using _______________ tactics firing behind trees and stones?
11. The Battle of Lexington and Concord was the first battle of the _______________?