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Unit #7: Imperialism - Imperialism in Asia
 
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY motivations for Imperialism by industrialized nations during the late 1800s and early 1900s.

I know I know it when: I can define the term "imperialism" and locate colonial possessions around the globe.

I am learning this because: Today many nations still have unresolved problems dating back to the Age of Imperialism including some artificial borders and Third World concerns.




Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 




Part 1: Important Vocabulary Terms

1.   Soon after the continent of Africa was imperialized, the Age of Imperialism moved east to the continent of Asia and the Pacific Rim.  In this activity you will be learning about what The Age of Imperialism
      looked like in Asia and its ramifications for the people who lived there.

      Take a moment to download the Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin


2.   Use pages 706-709 to define the terms below.  Use your text tool to place the definitions next to the term in your  Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment.

      Pacific Rim

      King Mongkut

      annexation

      Opium War

      Extraterriorial Rights

      Taiping Rebellion

      Boxer Rebellion

      Treaty of Kanagawa

      Russo-Japanese War



3.   Be prepared to discuss each term and its definition with the class. 


      



Part 2: Imperialism in Asia Geography

1.  Before we begin to learn about imperialism in Asia, it is important to locate many of the places we will be discussing.  Complete the map on slide #5 of the by dragging and drop the labels onto the map.  You
     can also use the text tool.

     

2.  Use the maps on pages 713 and 718 to help you.  You can also use the maps below. 

    

        

    


2.  Be prepared to discuss Africa before European Imperialism with the class using your Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment.


Part 3: Imperialism in the Pacific Rim

1.  Now, read pages 706-709 about Imperialism on the Pacific Rim. 

    


2.  Next use what you have learned to complete the Graphic Organizer on slide #6 of your by reading pages 706-709.  Be sure to read the information carefully to identify what is most important in each section.  

3.  Use bullet points to complete each box based on the most important information.

 

    

          
4.  Be sure to read the section tilted Siam Remains Independent on page 708. 

   

5.  Next, compose your answer to the short response question on slide #7 of the Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment
 
6.  Be prepared to discuss Africa before European Imperialism with the class using your Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment.




Part 4: China Resists Imperialism

1. The story of Imperialism in China takes many twists and turns with both external and internal forces changing the course of China's history.  Read the passages below to learn more.  Be sure to highlight and
    most important points in the passages. 

 

China and Imperialism:

Out of pride in their ancient culture, the Chinese looked down on all foreigners. In 1793, however, the Qing emperor agreed to receive an ambassador from England. The Englishman brought gifts of the West’s most advanced technology—clocks, globes, musical instruments, and even a hot-air balloon. The emperor was not impressed. In a letter to England’s King George III, he stated that the Chinese already had everything they needed. They were not interested in the “strange objects” and gadgets that the West was offering them.

 

China was able to reject these offers from the West because it was largely self-sufficient. The basis of this self-sufficiency was China’s healthy agricultural economy. During the 11th century, China had acquired a quick-growing strain of rice from Southeast Asia. By the time of the Qing Dynasty, the rice was being grown throughout the southern part of the country.

 

Around the same time, the 17th and 18th centuries, Spanish and Portuguese traders brought maize, sweet potatoes, and peanuts from the Americas. These crops helped China increase the productivity of its land and more effectively feed its huge population. China also had extensive mining and manufacturing industries. Rich salt, tin, silver, and iron mines produced great quantities of ore. The mines provided work for tens of thousands of people. The Chinese also produced beautiful silks, high-quality cottons, and fine porcelain.

 

Because of their self-sufficiency, the Chinese had little interest in trading with the West. For decades, the only place they would allow foreigners to do business was at the southern port of Guangzhou (gwahng•joh). 

 

The balance of trade at Guangzhou was clearly in China’s favor. This means that China earned much more for its exports than it spent on imports.  European merchants were determined to find a product the Chinese would buy in large quantities. Eventually they found a product in “opium”.

 

Opium is a habit forming narcotic made from the poppy plant. Chinese doctors had been using it to relieve pain for hundreds of years. In the late 18th century, however, British

merchants smuggled opium into China for nonmedical use. It took a few decades for opium use to catch on, but by 1835, as many as 12 million Chinese people were addicted to the drug. This growing supply of opium caused great problems for China.

 

The Qing emperor was angry about the situation. In 1839, one of his highest advisers wrote a letter to England’s Queen Victoria about the problem.  The letter read:

 

By what right do they [British merchants] . . . use the poisonous drug to injure the

Chinese people? . . . I have heard that the smoking of opium is very strictly forbidden by

your country; that is because the harm caused by opium is clearly understood. Since it is

not permitted to do harm to your own country, then even less should you let it be

passed on to the harm of other countries.

 

 

The pleas went unanswered, and Britain refused to stop trading opium. The result was an open clash between the British and the Chinese—the Opium War of 1839. The battles took place mostly at sea. China’s outdated ships were no match for Britain’s steam-powered gunboats.

 

As a result, the Chinese suffered a humiliating defeat. In 1842, they signed a peace treaty, the Treaty of Nanjing.  This treaty gave Britain the island of Hong Kong. After signing another treaty in 1844, U.S. and other foreign citizens also gained extraterritorial rights. Under these rights, foreigners were not subject to Chinese law at Guangzhou and four

other Chinese ports. Many Chinese greatly resented the foreigners and the bustling

trade in opium they conducted.

 

 

Following the Opium War China experienced many internal problems including rebellion.  Beyond that, Imperial powers were still in control of much of China’s trade.  Other countries were well aware of China’s continuing problems. Throughout the late 19th century, many foreign nations took advantage of the situation and attacked China. Treaty negotiations after each conflict gave these nations increasing control over China’s economy. Many of Europe’s major powers and Japan gained a strong foothold in China. This foothold, or sphere of influence, was an area in which the foreign nation controlled trade and investment.

 

The United States was a long-time trading partner with China. Americans worried that other nations would soon divide China into formal colonies and shut out merchant traders. To prevent this occurrence, in 1899 the United States declared the Open Door Policy. This proposed that China’s “doors” be open to merchants of all nations. Britain and the other European nations agreed. The policy thus protected both U.S. trading rights in China, and China’s freedom from colonization.  But the country was still at the mercy of foreign powers.

 

Humiliated by their loss of power, many Chinese pressed for strong reforms. Among those demanding change was China’s young emperor, Guangxu(gwahng•shoo). In June 1898, Guangxu introduced measures to modernize China.  These measures called for reorganizing China’s educational system, strengthening the economy, modernizing the military, and streamlining the government. 

 

 

 Most Qing officials saw these innovations as threats to their power. They reacted with alarm, calling the Dowager Empress back to the imperial court. On her return, she acted with great speed. She placed Guangxu under arrest and took control of the government. She then reversed his reforms. Guangxu’s efforts brought about no change whatsoever. The Chinese people’s frustration with their situation continued to grow.

 

 

This widespread frustration finally erupted into violence. Poor peasants and workers resented the special privileges granted to foreigners. They also resented Chinese Christians, who had adopted a foreign faith. To demonstrate their discontent, they formed a secret organization called the Society of Righteous and Harmonious Fists. They soon came to be known as the Boxers. Their campaign against the Dowager Empress’s rule and foreigner privilege was

called the Boxer Rebellion.

 

In the spring of 1900, the Boxers descended on Beijing. Shouting “Death to the foreign devils,” the Boxers surrounded the European section of the city. They kept it under siege for several months. The Dowager Empress expressed support for the Boxers but did not back her words with military aid. In August, a multinational force of 19,000 troops marched on Beijing and quickly defeated the Boxers.

 

Despite the failure of the Boxer Rebellion, a strong sense of nationalism had emerged in China. The Chinese people realized that their country must resist more foreign intervention. Even more important, they felt that the government must

become responsive to their needs.

 

 


2.  Be sure to compose well written responses in your Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment to the following questions below:

    Why did China reject trading with the Western Powers?  Give examples from the passage. 

    Why do you think the British decided to introduce Opium to the Chinese population?

    What does the letter from the Qing Emperor tell us about how the Chinese felt about about the British introduction of Opium?   

    What was the result of the Opium War?  Please provide details from the reading. 

    Explain why the United States favored an ”Open Door” trade policy with China in 1899.  

    Why do you think the Chinese people called for reforms and modernization in 1898?

    Explain the events surrounding the Boxer Rebellion.  Use examples from the passage.
 

3.  Be prepared to discuss your answers with the class.



Part 5:  The Rise of Imperial Japan

1.  Now, read pages 720-723 about the rise of Imperial Japan.  For many years Japan had been isolated and cut off from the rest of the world.  However, once Japan opened it's doors to trade, it too began to
     imperialize other parts of Asia.

    


2.  Next use what you have learned to complete the Graphic Organizer on slide #17 of your by reading pages 720-723.  Be sure to read the information carefully to identify what is most important in each section.  

3.  Use bullet points to complete each box based on the most important information.

 

    

          
4.  Be prepared to discuss the Rise of Imperial Japan with the class using your Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment.




Part 6: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the Age of Imperialism Imperialism in Asia Student Assignment.

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your Imperialism in Asia Here!

3.    Good Job!





  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org