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Unit #7: Imperialism - The Scramble for Africa
 
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY motivations for Imperialism by industrialized nations during the late 1800s and early 1900s.

I know I know it when: I can define the term "imperialism" and locate colonial possessions around the globe.

I am learning this because: Today many nations still have unresolved problems dating back to the Age of Imperialism including some artificial borders and Third World concerns.




Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 




Part 1: Important Vocabulary Terms

1.   Beginning in the 1880s the industrialized countries of Europe were looking to Africa as a place to obtain valuable raw materials and to open new markets for their goods.  European powers began to colonize
      parts of Africa as quickly as possible.  In order to avoid warfare between European nations, a meeting known as the "Berlin Conference" was held in 1884-85 to carve up Africa to suite each nations imperial
      ambitions.  In this activity, we will explore the Berlin Conference and evaluate its results for the people of Africa and the world.   

      Take a moment to download the Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin


2.   Use pages 685-688 to define the terms below.  Use your text tool to place the definitions next to the term in your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student Assignment.

      Imperialism

      Social Darwinism

      Berlin Conference



3.   Be prepared to discuss each term and its definition with the class. 



         

      



Part 2: Africa Before Imperialism

1.  Next Africa was a very diverse land prior to European Imperialism.  To learn more about Africa prior to European Imperialism, read the section titled Africa Before Imperialism on page 685 in your textbook.

2.  Once you have read this section, make a list of any important facts about Africa before European Imperialism in the boxes on your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student AssignmentIf the
     boxes in the file do not convert, simply type in your facts. 

         (Use can also use the digital textbook to help you)

     We want to identify the following about African culture before European Imperialism:

     Ethnic Groups

     Languages Spoken

     Religious Beliefs

     Military Forces

     Trade

     Previous Interactions with Europeans



2.  Be prepared to discuss Africa before European Imperialism with the class using your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student Assignment.



Part 3: The Berlin Conference

1.    Take a few moments to read the passage below about the Berlin Conference.  You will also find this passage in your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student AssignmentYou may want to   
       highlight important parts of the passage as you read. 

 

The Berlin Conference:

In 1884 at the request of Portugal, German chancellor Otto von Bismarck called together the major western powers of the world to negotiate questions and end confusion over the control of Africa. Bismarck appreciated the opportunity to expand Germany's sphere of influence over Africa and desired to force Germany's rivals to struggle with one another for territory. Other European leaders wished to avoid warfare between European rivals over African territory.  At the time of the conference, 80% of Africa remained under traditional and local control. What ultimately resulted was a hodgepodge of geometric boundaries that divided Africa into fifty irregular countries. This new map of the continent was superimposed over the one thousand indigenous cultures and regions of Africa. The new countries lacked rhyme or reason and divided coherent groups of people and merged together disparate groups who really did not get along. 

 

 


2.  Answer the questions below in your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student Assignment based on the passage above.      

    A.  Which European leader organized the Berlin Conference? What country did he represent? 

    B.  Why did most European leaders attend the Berlin Conference?

    C.  What were the problems associated with how the Europeans divided up Africa during the Berlin Conference?

    D.  How many countries attended the Berlin Conference?  List 10 of them.

    E.  Why do you think the European powers wanted to leave the Congo and Niger River Basins “neutral?”

    F.  Who was Leopold II?
  
 

3.  Be prepared to discuss the answers with the class.



Part 4: African Geography after the Berlin Conference

1.    Take a few moments to examine the map of Africa after the Berlin Conference The map will show you how the European nations at the Berlin Conference divided up Africa.

     


2.  Answer the questions below using the map in your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student Assignment.  

    A.  Which European nations claimed parts of Africa after the Berlin Conference?

    B.  Which European nation controlled the Congo?

    C.  Which European nation controlled South Africa?

    D.  Which European nation controlled Somaliland & Libya?

    E.  Which European nation controlled Rio de Oro?

    F.  Which European nation controlled Egypt?

    G. Which European nation controlled parts of East Africa?

    F.  Which European nation controlled Madagascar?

    G.  Which European nation controlled Liberia?


3.  Be prepared to discuss the map with the class.





Part 5: Analyzing Political Cartoons

1.    Take a few moments to exam each of the political cartoons on slide #9 of your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student AssignmentBe sure to also read the captions. 

     

     


2.  Answer the short response question below in your Age of Imperialism Scramble for Africa Student Assignment:  

   
What can you infer about Europeans’ attitudes toward Africans from the two political cartoons?  Be sure to
  explain.


   

3.  Be prepared to discuss your answer with the class. 

4.  Watch the video below to learn more.

    





Part 6: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your Age of Imperialism Advanced Organizer Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the Age of Imperialism Advanced Organizer Student Assignment.

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your African Scramble Here!

3.    Good Job!





  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org