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Unit #8: World War I: 1914
 
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY the factors which plunged Europe into the First World War in 1914.

I know I know it when: I can EXPLAIN the causes of the First World War including Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances.

I am learning this because: World War I was a conflict that could have been easily avoided.  The lessons of World War I can be used to avoid even more costly conflicts in the future.




Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 



Part 1: True or False?

1.   At the start of World War I, enthusiasm for the conflict was high!  Nationalism brought out volunteers to fill the ranks of the warring parties and most people felt the war would be over quickly.  The year 1914
     saw Austria-Hungary invade Serbia to punish the Serbs for the death of Arch Duke Ferdinand.  It was also the year that Germany launched a bold offensive on the Western Front to knock France out of the war
     and defeated the Russian steam roller in the East.  While 1914 saw bloodshed, it was only the beginning of the horrors in the years to follow.   

      Take a moment to download the World War I: The War in 1914 Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin


2.   First, before reading the text, carefully Read each of the statements below.  Indicate on the line in your World War I: The War in 1914 Student Assignment whether you feel the  statement is
      true “T” or false “F”.       


      1.______ Otto von Bismarck planned the German invasion of France once World War I began.

      2. _____ German wished to quickly defeat France to prevent a two front war with both France and Austria-Hunga

      3.  ______The French used taxi cabs to move troops to the battle of the Marne in order to defend paris.

      4.  ______ In 1914, France crushed an invading Russian army near the town of Tannenberg on the Eastern Front.



3.   Now read pages 747-751 to find the correct definitions for each statement.  Rewrite the correct definition below each phrase in your World War I: The War in 1914 Student Assignment.
      with the page number that contains the answer.

     

4.  Be prepared to discuss each statement with the class. 

      



Part 2: Geography of War - 1914

1.   Use the map in your text book on page 748 or the map below to complete the map on slide #5 of your World War I: The War in 1914 Student Assignment

2.  Drag the labels into their correct location.  You can also use your text tool.
     

     

3.  Be prepared to discuss each location with the class. 

      





Part 3: The Von Schlieffen Plan

1. Now, read the following passage below about the "Von Schlieffen Plan".  Use your highlighter tool inside your World War I: The War in 1914 Student Assignment. to identify the most important information
    in the text.

 

The Von Schlieffen Plan:

Alfred von Schlieffen, German Army Chief of Staff, was given instructions to devise a strategy that would be able to counter both France and Russia. His battle plan become known as the “Von Schlieffen Plan.” Von Schlieffen calculated that if war took place Germany must quickly defeat France before Russia could mobilize.  This is because France and Russia had an alliance.  A quick defeat of France would also discourage Great Britain from joining the war.  He planned to capture Paris and defeat France within 6 weeks.  Troops would then be moved by rail to attack Russia.

 

 

It was a daring plane that involved using 90% of Germany's armed forces to attack France. Fearing the French forts on the border with Germany, Schlieffen suggested a swinging gate attack through Holland, Belgium and Luxembourg. German troops would sweep northwest across Belgium to the English channel before turning south and taking the French capital of Paris.  Von Schlieffen insisted that the last German soldier’s sleeve must graze the English channel if the plan was going to work.

 

Von Schlieffen’s plan was adjusted in 1914.  Germany demanded that Belgium allow German troops to pass through the country on their way to France.  Belgium refused.  In August 1914, Germany invaded Belgium.  Belgium forces put up a stiff defense of the country.  The small Belgian army however was no match for the powerful German offensive. The fortified position of Liège, as well as major cities such as Brussels and Antwerp, were captured.  German troops committed many atrocities against the Belgium people.  Belgium resistance however did give France time to prepare a defense as German troops approached Paris!

 

 


2.  Answer the questions at the end of each slide in your World War I: The War in 1914 Student Assignment

   
1.  Why was it important for Germany to defeat France quickly at the start  of the war?

    2.  Explain how Von Schlieffen’s plan would work?

    3.  Which countries did Van Schlieffen plan to invade in order to avoid French defenses?  

    4.  What did Von Schlieffen believe was the key to his plan?

  

3.  Be prepared to discuss the Von Schliefen Plan with the class.




Part 4: The War in 1914 Graphic Organizer

1.  Research each of the following 1914 World War I battles on slide #9 of your World War I: The War in 1914 Student Assignment to complete the graphic organizer. 

     You may wish to use the Spartacus timeline or firstworldwar.com to get started.


2.  For each of the battles on the graphic organizer, but sure to find the following information: (DO NOT COPY AND PASTE)

    - Date and location of the battle?

    - Important people at the battle?

    - Who won the battle?

    - How many men where killed or wounded at the battle? 
     


       

3.  Be prepared to discuss each battle with the class. 

      







Part 5: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your WWI 1914 Here!

3.    Good Job!




  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org