Unit #8: World War I: 1916-1917
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY the factors which plunged Europe into the First World War in 1914.

I know I know it when: I can EXPLAIN the causes of the First World War including Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances.

I am learning this because: World War I was a conflict that could have been easily avoided.  The lessons of World War I can be used to avoid even more costly conflicts in the future.

Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 

Part 1: True or False?

1.   The years of 1916 and 1917 saw some of the most deadly fighting during World War I.  The stalemate on the Western Front appeared to be endless.  When Russia withdrew from the war in 1917 after they
      removed the Czar, the outcome of the war was very much in doubt.  The entrance of America into World War I however would eventually tip the balance of power in 1917.   With both sides exhausted and
      millions dead, each make a final push to win the first World War.

      Take a moment to download the World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin

2.   First, before reading the text, carefully Read each of the statements below.  Indicate on the line in your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment whether you feel the  statement is
      true “T” or false “F”.       

      1.______  By 1917, Germany intensified its campaign of unrestricted zeppelin Raids causing Mexico to enter the war. 

      2.______  In 1917, a secret message from the German ambassador to Mexico promised German assistance in “reconquering” territories lost to the United States if Mexico joined the war
                       against the allies.

      3.  ______In 1917 the Russian Czar Nicholas II abdicated his throne because of food and fuel shortages in Russia.

      4.  ______ In 1917, the communist leader Fidel Castro sized power in Russia and signed a treaty with Germany ending Russia’s involvement in wwI.

3.   Now read pages 754-756  to find the correct definitions for each statement.  Rewrite the correct definition below each phrase in your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment.
      with the page number that contains the answer.


4.  Be prepared to discuss each statement with the class. 


Part 2: Geography of War - 1916-1917

1.   Use the map in your text book on page 748 or the map below to complete the map on slide #5 of your World War I: The War in 1915 Student Assignment

2.  Drag the labels into their correct location.  You can also use your text tool.


3.  Be prepared to discuss each location with the class. 


Part 3: The Zimmerman Note & Russia Withdraws from the war. 

1. Now, read the following primary source below known as the "Zimmerman Note".  Use your highlighter tool inside your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment. Use your highlighter or bold tool to identify the most important information
    in the text.


The Zimmerman Note:

“We intend to begin on the first of February unrestricted submarine warfare. We shall endeavor in spite of this to keep the United States of America neutral. In the event of this not succeeding, we make Mexico a proposal of alliance on the following basis: make war together, make peace together, generous financial support and an understanding on our part that Mexico is to reconquer the lost territory in Texas, New Mexico, and Arizona. The settlement in detail is left to you. You will inform the President of the above most secretly as soon as the outbreak of war with the United States of America is certain and add the suggestion that he should, on his own initiative, invite Japan to immediate adherence and at the same time mediate between Japan and ourselves. Please call the President’s attention to the fact that the ruthless employment of our submarines now offers the prospect of compelling England in a few months to make peace.”






2.  Answer the questions at the end of each slide in your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment

     1.What did Germany plan to begin on February 1917?

    2.  If the United States did not remain neutral, what did Germany propose to Mexico?

    3.  Which territories did Germany propose Mexico re-conquer?

    4.  How do you think the Zimmerman Note contributed to the United States entering WWI?


3.  Be prepared to discuss the Zimmerman Note with the class.

4. Now, read the following passage about Russia's Withdrawal from WW1.  Use your highlighter tool inside your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment. Use your highlighter or bold tool to identify the most important information
    in the text.


Russia Withdraws From World War I:


Russia in World War I


In 1914, World War I began and Russia was at war with Germany. A huge Russian army was formed by forcing working class and peasant men to join. Although the Russian army had great numbers, the soldiers were not equipped or trained to fight. Many of them were sent into battle without shoes, food, and even weapons. Over the next three years, nearly 2 million Russian soldiers were killed in battle and nearly another 5 million were wounded. The Russian people blamed the Tsar for entering the war and getting so many of their young men killed. 

The February Revolution 

The people of Russia first revolted in early 1917. The revolution began when a number of workers decided to strike. Many of these workers got together during the strike to discuss politics. They began to riot. The Tsar, Nicholas II, ordered the army to suppress the riot. However, many of the soldiers refused to fire on the Russian people and the army began to mutiny against the Tsar. 

After a few days of riots, the army turned against the Tsar. The Tsar was forced to give up his throne and a new government took over. The government was run by two political parties: the Petrograd Soviet (representing the workers and soldiers) and the Provisional Government (the traditional government without the Tsar). 

Bolshevik Revolution 

Over the next several months the two sides ruled Russia. One of the main factions of the Petrograd Soviet was a group called the Bolsheviks. They were led by Vladimir Lenin and believed that the new Russian government should be a Marxist (communist) government. In October of 1917, Lenin took full control of the government in what is called the Bolshevik Revolution. Russia was now the first communist country in the world.



After the revolution, Russia exited World War I by signing a peace treaty with Germany called the Treaty of Brest-Litovsk. The new government took control of all industry and moved the Russian economy from a rural one to an industrial one. It also seized farmland from landholders and distributed it among the peasants. Women were given equal rights to those of men and religion was banned from many aspects of society. 

From 1918 to 1920, Russia experienced a civil war between the Bolsheviks (also called the Red Army) and the anti-Bolsheviks (the White Army). The Bolsheviks won and the new country was called the USSR (United Soviet Socialist Republic). 




5.  Answer the questions at the end of each slide in your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment

     1. How many Russian Soldiers were killed in the first two years of World War I?

Who did the Russian people blame for Russia entering World War I?

    3.  What was the February Revolution?

    4.  What was the Czar forced to do in 1917?

    5.  Who was Lennon?

    6.  What type of government did Lennon support?

    7.  What was the name of the treaty signed by Russia and Germany to end Russian involvement in WW1?

    8.  What happened in Russia after WW1?


3.  Be prepared to discuss Russian withdraw from WW1 with the class.

Part 4: The War in 1916-1917 Graphic Organizer

1.  Research each of the following 1914 World War I battles on slide #9 of your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment to complete the graphic organizer. 

     You may wish to use the Spartacus timeline or firstworldwar.com to get started.  These other sites will assist you as well.






2.  For each of the battles on the graphic organizer, but sure to find the following information: (DO NOT COPY AND PASTE)

    - Date and location of the battle?

    - Important people at the battle?

    - Who won the battle?

    - How many men where killed or wounded at the battle? 


3.  Be prepared to discuss each battle with the class. 


Part 5: Submit your work for a grade

 1.   Once you have completed your World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the World War I: The War in 1916-1917 Student Assignment

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your WWI 1916-1917 Here!

3.    Good Job!

  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org