Unit #8: World War I: 1918 and a Flawed Peace
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY the factors which plunged Europe into the First World War in 1914.

I know I know it when: I can EXPLAIN the causes of the First World War including Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances.

I am learning this because: World War I was a conflict that could have been easily avoided.  The lessons of World War I can be used to avoid even more costly conflicts in the future.

Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 

Part 1: True or False?

1.   In 1918 the Germans launch one final offensive to win the war along the Western Front!  The entrance of the United States into the war however has bolstered the Allied forces.  With the final German offensive s
      stopped by the Allies, Germany asked for an armisist or an end to the fighting.  On November 11, 1918 the war finally came to an end on the battlefield after the deaths of millions.  What was follow would be a
      flawed peace within the Treaty of Versailles which will lead once again to war in 1939. 

      Take a moment to download the World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin

2.   First, before reading the text, carefully Read each of the statements below.  Indicate on the line in your World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment whether you feel the 
      statement is true “T” or false “F”.       

      1.______  In 1918, German launched a massive attack along the Eastern Front once France had surrendered. 

      2.______  By 1918 the German army had gotten stronger and the Allies had gotten weaker with the entry of Mexico into the war. 

      3. ______In November of 1918, the German Kaiser abdicated and Germany asked for an armistice or an end to the conflict.

       4.  ______ The Treaty of Prague ended World War I with the assistance of President Ronald Reagan from the United States. .

3.   Now read pages 756-761  to find the correct definitions for each statement.  Rewrite the correct definition below each phrase in your
      World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment with the page number that contains the answer.


4.  Be prepared to discuss each statement with the class. 


Part 2: Geography of War - 1918-1919

1.   Use the map in your text book on page 748 or the map below to complete the map on slide #5 of your World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment

2.  Drag the labels into their correct location.  You can also use your text tool.


3.  Be prepared to discuss each location with the class. 


Part 3: The Treaty of Versaille 

1. Now, read the following passage about the Treaty of Versaille.  Use your highlighter tool inside your World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment. Use your highlighter or bold tool to identify the most important information
    in the text.


The Treaty of Versaille:

The First World War officially ended on 11th November 1918. On this day the Germans surrendered, and signed an ARMISTICE with the Allies (represented by Britain, France and USA).   An armistice is an agreement to stop fighting and wait for a peace treaty.


When the Germans signed the armistice, they believed that the peace treaty which would follow would be based on Woodrow Wilson’s 14 Points.  Wilson was the President of the USA, and his 14 Points were designed to treat Germany in a fair and democratic way.  However, the other two Allied leaders, George Clemenceau of France, and David Lloyd George of Britain, had other ideas.


Clemenceau wanted Germany punished severely for her crimes, and made so weak that she could never make war again. Lloyd George was fearful however that a harsh treaty could lead to another war in future. The British public disagreed. They felt the same as Clemenceau, that Germany should be punished harshly for the damage that she had caused during war.


Wilson’s 14 Points were not put into practice. Germany was forced to agree to the terms the Treaty of Versailles which punished Germany for the war.  If Germany refused to sign then they would face an Allied invasion. The was signed in the Palace of Versailles, near Paris.


According to the treaty, Germany would be forced to pay for the cost of the war.  Their military would also be limited in its size.  German territories were also taken by the Allied forces.  No German forces were permitted near the French border.  When the German public got to hear about the treaty they simply could not believe that their government had signed it. The public did not understand how the new government had no say during the negotiations. They felt the government had let them down badly, so many Germans referred to it as ‘THE STAB IN THE BACK’!


Most Germans felt that they could have continued to fight and eventually won the war!  They felt that the treaty dishonored the soldiers.  Many Germans never forgave the government for signing the treaty, and often referred to Weimar politicians as ‘THE NOVEMBER CRIMINALS’. ”






2.  Answer the questions at the end of each slide in your World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment

     1. What is an "armistice?"

    2.  W
hich world leaders represented the Allies?

    3.  How would Wilson's 14 points have treated Germany differently? 

How did Clemenceau and the British public want to treat Germany after WW1?

    5.  Why did the new German government agree to sign the Treaty of Versailles?

    6.  What were the terms found in the Treaty of Versaille?

    7.  How did the German people react to the Treaty of Versaille?

3.  Be prepared to discuss the Treaty of Versaille with the class.

Part 4: Composing Conclusions

1.  Choose One of the questions below.  Compose a well written essay (3-5 paragraphs), using details you have learned from this unit.  You may wish to look back at previous assignments to help you.  You will need
     to add additional slides for your work.


2.  Question: #1:  Based on what you learned about the start of World War I, explain how you think World War I could have been avoided.  Be sure to use details and facts from this section to explain your answer. --

     Question #2:  Predict the consequences of the Treaty of Versailles.  How might the terms of the treaty lead to another World War?  What changes would you have made to the Treaty of Versailles if you had the
                          power to do so?  Use what you have learned to explain your answer.

3.  Be prepared to discuss these with the class.


Part 5: Submit your work for a grade

 1.   Once you have completed your World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the World War I: The War in 1918 and a Flawed Peace Student Assignment

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Submit Assignment

3.    Good Job!

  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org