. 
 
 
   
                                                                                                     
   
 

Unit #8: World War I: Europe Plunges into War!
 
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY the factors which plunged Europe into the First World War in 1914.

I know I know it when: I can EXPLAIN the causes of the First World War including Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances.

I am learning this because: World War I was a conflict that could have been easily avoided.  The lessons of World War I can be used to avoid even more costly conflicts in the future.




Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 



Part 1: True or False?

1.   Two shots fired by the Black Hand will lead to unbelievable horror across Europe.  In this assignment we will learn about the events surrounding the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand.  We will also explore
      how the alliance system in Europe lead to the outbreak of all out war. 

      Take a moment to download the World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin


2.   First, before reading the text, carefully Read each of the statements below.  Indicate on the line in your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment whether you feel the  statement is
      true “T” or false “F”.       


      1.______ World War I began after the assassination of Abraham Lincoln.

      2.  ______ Before World War I, Africa was known as the "Powder Keg of Europe."

      3.  ______Russia wanted to crush the people of Serbia for the assassination of John F Kenedy.

      4.  ______ In 1914, Austria-Hungary’s declaration of war against Serbia started a chain reaction of alliances that sparked World War I.

      5.  ______ The German invasion of Poland cause Britain to declare war on Germany.

       6. ______ Austria-Hungary gave Serbia an ultimatum which Serbia could not except.  This led to a declaration of war by Austria-Hungary on Serbia.


3.   Now read pages 745-749 to find the correct definitions for each statement.  Rewrite the correct definition below each phrase in your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment
      with the page number that contains the answer.

     

4.  Be prepared to discuss the meaning of each term with the class. 

      



Part 2: Powder Keg Geography

1.  Explore the map on page 741 in your text book as well as the maps below. 

          

2.  Complete the map on slide #6 in your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment by dragging the labels into their correct location.  You may also use your text tool if you wish.

    

    


3.  Be prepared to discuss the map with the class.  


Part 3: The Spark in the Powder Keg!

1. Now, read the following passage below.  Use your highlighter tool inside your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment to identify the most important information in the text.

  The Spark in the Powder Keg!

 

In 1914, “The Balkan Peninsula” was known as the “Powder Keg of Europe!”  This southeastern corner of Europe had seen many nationalist revolutions and horrific warfare between ethnic groups in the years prior to World War I.  These conflicts largely went unnoticed by the powers of Europe.  While some countries had won their independence from the Ottoman and Austria-Hungarian Empires, others continued to struggle for freedom. 

 

The nation of Serbia wished to absorb all ethnic Slavs into one nation causing tensions with Austria-Hungary.  “Slavs” were groups of peoples in central and eastern Europe speaking Slavic languages such as Czech, Bosnian, Croatian, Serbian, and Russian.  Many Slavs still lived under the rule of the Austria-Hungarian Empire.  Russia, itself a Slavic nation, supported Serbia in their efforts to unit Slavs in the Balkans.  This put Austria-Hungary and Russia on a collision course to war.

 

In 1914, Archduke Franz Ferdinand, the heir to the throne of the Austro-Hungarian Empire, and his wife Sophie, visited the Bosnian City of Sarajevo.  Sarajevo was in Austrian controlled Bosnia near the Serbian boarder.  Serbian nationalists, backed by the Serbian government, hatched a plan to assassinate Franz Ferdinand.   Seven Serbian assassins, known as the “Black Hand”,  joined the large crowd lining the Archduke's route to City Hall. Each took a different position, ready to attack the royal car if the opportunity presented itself. The six-car procession approached one conspirator, who threw his bomb only to see it bounce off the Archduke's car and explode near the following car.  Unhurt, the Archduke and his wife sped to the reception at City Hall.

 

When the ceremonies finished at City Hall, Ferdinand’s car amazingly took the same route past the Serbian assassins.  More amazingly, the royal car had to slow down in front of the leader of the conspiracy, Gavrilo Princip.  Princip pulled an automatic pistol from his coat pocket and fired two shots. The first shot struck the wife of the Archduke in the abdomen. She was an expectant mother. She died instantly.  The second bullet struck the Archduke close to the heart.  He uttered only one word, 'Sofia!' Then his head fell back and he collapsed. He died almost instantly.  This conspiracy was traced back to the Serbian government causing Austria-Hungary to seek revenge!

 

 

 


2.  Answer the questions at the end of each slide in your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment

   
1.  Which nation wished to free Slavs in the Balkans from the Rule of Austria-Hungary? 

    2.  Why were Austria-Hungary and Russia on a collision course to war?

    3.  If you were Franz Ferdinand, what would you have done following the first assassination attempt?    Explain.

    4.  Describe the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand below using details from the passage.   You can add a slide if you need space.

   


3.  Be prepared to discuss the reading with the class.



Part 4: Chain Reaction!

1.  Read pages 747-748 in your text book to learn about the events following the assassination of Arch Duke Ferdinand. 

2.  Use what you learn to drag the terms onto the appropriate "domino" on slide #10 of your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment to see how a "chain reaction" lead to World War I!

 

          


3.  Now that you have learned how World War I began, compose a well written paragraph answering the following question on slide #11 of your: 
     World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment

   
How could would war I been easily avoided?  Use what you have learned to offer alternative paths  
   for peace. 



4.  Be prepared to discuss the chain reaction with the class.  



Part 4: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the World War I: Europe Plunges into War Student Assignment

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your Europe Plunges Into War Here!

3.    Good Job!




  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org