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Unit #8: World War I: The Coming Fury
 
  Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY the factors which plunged Europe into the First World War in 1914.

I know I know it when: I can EXPLAIN the causes of the First World War including Nationalism, Imperialism, Militarism, and Alliances.

I am learning this because: World War I was a conflict that could have been easily avoided.  The lessons of World War I can be used to avoid even more costly conflicts in the future.




Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 



Part 1: True or False?

1.   The Age of Imperialism brought with it a fierce rivalry between European nations.  While the sun never set on the British Empire, new powers such as Germany wanted to play a bigger role on the world
      stage.  Several factors such as militarism, nationalism, imperialism, and alliances set European powers on collision course that would result in the "Great War" or the "War to end all wars."  Due to these
      factors, World War I would break out in 1914 devastating the continent and a generation of young lives.   In this lesson we will explore the factors that led to the outbreak of World War I. 

      Take a moment to download the World War I: The Coming Fury Student AssignmentBe sure to click File > Save As Google Slides before you begin


2.   First, before reading the text, carefully Read each of the statements below.  Indicate on the line in your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment whether you feel the  statement is
      true “T” or false “F”.       


      1.______ Militarism is a deep devotion to one’s nation.

      2.  ______ Imperialism is when European countries completed for resources and territory around the world.

      3.  ______An Alliance is the policy of glorifying military power and maintaining an army for war.

      4.  ______ Nationalism is a union or association formed for mutual benefit, especially between countries or organizations.



3.   Now read pages 743-745 to find the correct definitions for each statement.  Rewrite the correct definition below each phrase in your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment
      with the page number that contains the answer.

     

4.  Be prepared to discuss the meaning of each term with the class. 

      



Part 2: Causes of World War I - M.A.N.I.A

1.  Read pages 743 -746 in your text book. 

     

2.  Use the most important information in the text to complete the M.A.N.I.A Graphic organizer below TO LEARN HOW WWI BEGAN in your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment

    

    


3.  Be prepared to discuss the M.A.N.I.A graphic organizer with the class.  


Part 3: Tangled Alliances

1. 1.  Now, read the following passage below.  Use your highlighter tool inside your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment to identify the most important information in the text.

 

Tangled Alliences:

During the 1900s, a dangerous rift arose between Russia and Austria-Hungary, who had conflicting ambitions in South Eastern Europe. Austria-Hungary's desire to crush Serbia, and Russia's support for the latter during the crisis of 1914, were motivated by fear that they would lose their status as 'Great Powers' if they backed down.

 

Britain's policy was to maintain a balance of power in Europe. Germany's growing strength and manifest pursuit of 'world power' status persuaded Britain to align with its traditional rivals: France in 1904 and Russia in 1907. This connected Britain, France and Russia in the 'Triple Entente' and stoked German fears of 'encirclement'. German nationalists viewed Britain as a barrier to their global ambitions and German generals increasingly feared the growing military threat of Russia.

 

 

Between 1864 and 1871, Prussia’s blood-and-iron chancellor, Otto von Bismarck, freely used war to unify Germany. After 1871, however, Bismarck declared Germany to be a “satisfied power.”  He then turned his energies to maintaining peace in Europe.

 Bismarck saw France as the greatest threat to peace. He believed that France still wanted revenge for its defeat in the Franco-Prussian War. Bismarck’s first goal, therefore, was to isolate France. “As long as it is without allies,” Bismarck stressed, “France poses no danger to us.” In 1879, Bismarck formed the Dual Alliance between Germany and Austria-Hungary. Three years later, Italy joined the two countries, forming the Triple Alliance. In 1881, Bismarck took yet another possible ally away from France by making a treaty with Russia.

 

In 1890, Germany’s foreign policy changed dramatically. That year, Kaiser Wilhelm II—who two years earlier had become ruler of Germany—forced Bismarck to resign. A proud and stub- born man, Wilhelm II did not wish to share power with any- one. Besides wanting to assert his own power, the new Kaiser was eager to show the world just how mighty Germany had become. The army was his greatest pride. “Iand the army were born for one another,” Wilhelm declared shortly after taking power.

 

Wilhelm let his nation’s treaty with Russia lapse in 1890. Russia responded by forming a defensive military alliance with France in 1892 and 1894. Such an alliance had been Bismarck’s fear. War with either Russia or France would make

Germany the enemy of both. Germany would then be forced to fight a two-front

war, or a war on both its eastern and western borders.

 

Next, Wilhelm began a tremendous shipbuilding program in an effort to make the German navy equal to that of the mighty British fleet. Alarmed, Great Britain formed an entente, or alliance, with France. In 1907, Britain made another entente, this time with both France and Russia. The Triple Entente, as it was called, did not bind Britain to fight with France and Russia. However, it did almost certainly ensure that Britain would not fight against them.

 

By 1907, two rival camps existed in Europe. On one side was the Triple Alliance—Germany, Austria-Hungary, and Italy. On the other side was the Triple Entente—Great Britain, France, and Russia. A dispute between two rival powers

could draw all the nations of Europe into war.

 

 


2.  Answer the questions at the end of each slide in your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment

   
1.  What caused potential issues between Russia and Austria-Hungary in the 1900s?

    2.  Why did Britain wish to maintain a balance of power in Europe?  Give examples.

    3.  How did Bismarck counter what he saw as the French threat to peace in Europe?

    4.  Describe the relationship between Bismarck and Kaiser Wilhelm II.  

    5.  What did Russia do when their treaty with Germany expired in 1890?  

    6.  What did Kaiser Wilhelm II begin doing that alarmed Britain? 7.  How did Britain respond to the German threat in 1907?





3.  Next use the Alliances Graphic Organizer and Map to answer the questions below in your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment


  


 1.  Which countries made up the "Triple Entente?"

 2.  Which countries made up the "Triple Alliance?"

 3.  Critical Thinking: With Serbia being allied with Russia, what could that potentially mean for Britain and France?

 4.  Critical Thinking: .  If war broke out in Europe, what potential problems would face both Germany and Austria-Hungary because of these alliances?  Explain your answer.



4.  Be prepared to discuss your answers with the class.




Part 4: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the World War I: The Coming Fury Student Assignment

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your WWI The Coming Fury Here!

3.    Good Job!




  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org