Your Journey Through U.S. History Starts Here!

Unit #3: Dividing Up Western Lands After The American Revolution
Learning Target: I can PLAN how western lands should be divided following the American Revolution.

Please complete the steps below to prepare for this assignment:

 Today you will be starting a new Live Binder :-)  Follow the directions below.  You will also be creating a tab for your learning targets and a tab for this assignment. 
 
1.  Create a new binder in your LiveBinder account.  Name your binder: "The Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution"  Your description can read: "Following the American Revolution, the
     United States struggles to stay united.  Due to the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation, the nation was on the verge of falling apart during a time period known as the Critical Period.  Thankfully, our
     nation's Founding Fathers met in Philadelphia to write a new plan of government for our nation known as the U.S. Constitution.  The U.S. Constitution solved the nations problems, united the country, and is still
     used today as our plan of government.  " 
Hint: You may want to copy and paste this description into your Live Binder account. 

 2.  Next, create a "Learning Targets" tab in your new "The Articles of Confederation and the United States Constitution" LiveBinder.  In your new tab, Now click on "content" > "text" to set up your Learning
      Targets page.  

 3.  Now, copy and paste the following learning target into your LiveBinder.  Be sure to include today's date. 

      Learning Target: I can PLAN how western lands should be divided following the American Revolution.
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 4.  Now, create a new tab in your LiveBinder titled "Dividing Up Western Lands" for this assignment. 


 5.  Now click on "Content" > "Text" > "Text Media" option


Red Activity:

 Assignments to Complete:

 Part I: How Would You Divide Up Western Lands After The American Revolution?

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part I: How Would You Divide Up Western Lands After The American Revolution?"

2.  After the American Revolution, the Treaty of Paris granted the United States all of the land east of the Mississippi River.  A great debate over who this land belong to broke out between the states.  Some states
     claimed the land west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Mississippi River for themselves.  Others such as Thomas Jefferson felt that the land should be divided into new states.  Take a few moments
     to explore the resources in boxes 1-6 of the materials.

3.  Look at the maps in boxes 3 and 4 of the materials to located each of the land claims made by each of the 13 original states following the American Revolution.  In your LiveBinder textbox, make a list of the
     three original states that claimed parts of what is now the State of Ohio.

4.   Examine boxes 5 and 6 of the materials carefully with your group.  Many people such as Thomas Jefferson encouraged the states to give up these claims so that new and equal states could be created. 
      Now in your LiveBinder text box, compose a well written paragraph (7-9) sentences explaining how Thomas Jefferson wanted to divide up western lands after the American Revolution.  Be sure to include
      shapes, names, and geographical features of each new state in your answer. 

5.  Now it is your group's turn to create a plan for dividing up western lands!  Download a copy of the Dividing Up Western Lands PowerPoint Activity.  Open the file on your MacBook in PowerPoint.  Use the drawing
     and text tools within PowerPoint to draw the boundaries for your own states.  Be sure to name and label each new state with the text tools.  Save your map to your computer. 

     ** Be sure to upload the PowerPoint file to your LiveBinder media box for credit. **   

                                         
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 Part II: The Land Ordinance of 1785

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part II: The Land Ordinance of 1785"

2.  Eventually the original 13 states agreed to western boarders and agreed to give control of the disputed territory to the Continental Congress.  Congress passed two important laws in order to organzie the
     territory and to set up a process to create new states.  These two laws were known as The Land Ordinance of 1785 and the NorthWest Ordinance of 1787.  In order to begin learning about these important
     laws, conduct an Internet search to find the definitions for the following terms: cede, ordinance, Land Ordinance of 1785, township, section, acre.  Place each term and definition in your LiveBinder text box. 

3.  Take a few moments to examine the information on this website about the Land Ordinance of 1785.  You will also want to watch the video in box 7 of the materials to learn more about how western lands were
     divided into townships.  Be sure to also explore the Dividing Up Western Lands Infographic #1 to learn even more. 

        

4.  In your LiveBinder text box, make a list of at least 5 facts you learned about the Land Ordinance of 1785.

5.  Now in your LiveBinder text box, write a well written paragraph (7-9 sentences) answering the following question:

     * How did the Land Ordinance of 1785 provide for the orderly development of the Northwest Territory? How did it make land affordable? 

    
Be sure to use the facts you listed above to help you compose your work.

6.  Next look at the map of the original townships created in what is now Cuyahoga County Ohio.   You will also want to explore the information in boxes 9 and 10 of the materials as well as the
     Dividing Up Western Lands Infographic #2 by clicking on the thumbnail above to learn more about western townships. 

7.  In your LiveBinder text box, use the information you learned about western townships to answer the question below in the form of a well written paragraph (7-9 sentences):

     * Decribe how townships were constructed across western lands such as Ohio.  Be sure to include information about design, measurements, and the components of each section. 

   

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 Part III: The NorthWest Ordinance  - Analyzing a Primary Source

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part III: The Northwest Ordinance - Analyzing a Primary Source"


2.  The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 created the process by a territory could someday become a state.  In order to better understand the Northwest Ordinance, conduct an Internet search to find the definitions for
     the following terms: Northwest Ordinance, territory, representative, inhabitants, slavery, statehood.  Place each term and definition in your LiveBinder text box. 

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3.  Next, read the excerpts from the Northwest Ordiance below.  After reading each section, discuss the answers to each question below with your group.  Place your answers in your LiveBinder text box. 

    Excerpt #1: 
   
Sec. 9. So soon as there shall be five thousand free male inhabitants of full age in the district, upon giving proof thereof to the governor, they shall receive authority, with time and place, to elect a representative
    from their counties or townships to represent them in the general assembly: Provided, That, for every five hundred free male inhabitants, there shall be one representative, and so on progressively with the
    number of free male inhabitants shall the right of representation increase, until the number of representatives shall amount to twenty five; after which, the number and proportion of representatives shall be
    regulated by the legislature: Provided, That no person be eligible or qualified to act as a representative unless he shall have been a citizen of one of the United States three years, and be a resident in the 
    district, or unless he shall have resided in the district three years; and, in either case, shall likewise hold in his own right, in fee simple, two hundred acres of land within the same; Provided, also, That a
    freehold in fifty acres of land in the district, having been a citizen of one of the states, and being resident in the district, or the like freehold and two years residence in the district, shall be necessary to qualify a
    man as an elector of a representative.


    A.  What had to happen before a township could elect a representative? 

    B.  What were the qualifications needed to become a representative?

   
Excerpt #2:

    
Art. 5. There shall be formed in the said territory, not less than three nor more than five States; and the boundaries of the States, as soon as Virginia shall alter her act of cession, and consent to the same, shall
    become fixed and established as follows, to wit: The western State in the said territory, shall be bounded by the Mississippi, the Ohio, and Wabash Rivers; a direct line drawn from the Wabash and Post V
    Vincents, due North, to the territorial line between the United States and Canada; and, by the said territorial line, to the Lake of the Woods and Mississippi. The middle State shall be bounded by the said direct
    line, the Wabash from Post Vincents to the Ohio, by the Ohio, by a direct line, drawn due north from the mouth of the Great Miami, to the said territorial line, and by the said territorial line. The eastern State
    shall be bounded by the last mentioned direct line, the Ohio, Pennsylvania, and the said territorial line: Provided, however, and it is further understood and declared, that the boundaries of these three States
    shall be subject so far to be altered, that, if Congress shall hereafter find it expedient, they shall have authority to form one or two States in that part of the said territory which lies north of an east and west line
    drawn through the southerly bend or extreme of Lake Michigan. And, whenever any of the said States shall have sixty thousand free inhabitants therein, such State shall be admitted, by its delegates, into the
    Congress of the United States, on an equal footing with the original States in all respects whatever, and shall be at liberty to form a permanent constitution and State government: Provided, the constitution and
    government so to be formed, shall be republican, and in conformity to the principles contained in these articles; and, so far as it can be consistent with the general interest of the confederacy, such admission
    shall be allowed at an earlier period, and when there may be a less number of free inhabitants in the State than sixty thousand.


   
C. How many new states could be formed from the Northwest Territory?

    D.  How many people inhabitants did a territory need to apply for statehood?

  
Excerpt #3:
   Art. 6. There shall be neither slavery nor involuntary servitude in the said territory, otherwise than in the punishment of crimes whereof the party shall have been duly convicted: Provided, always, That any
   person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is lawfully claimed in any one of the original States, such fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person claiming his or her labor or
   service as aforesaid.


   E.  How was the issue of slavery dealt with within the Northwest Territory?


   
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4.  One of the most important facts about the Northwest Ordiance is that it created a pathway for territories to someday become states equal to the original 13 states.  In your LiveBinder text box, write a well
     written paragraph (7-9 sentences) answering the following question:

     Explain the process decribed in the Northwest Ordinance by which a territory can become a state.  Be sure to use the resources below to help you write your paragraph:

     Complete Text of the Northwest Ordinance of 1787    |  What Was The Northwest Territory Cartoon in box 14 of the materials.




White Activity:
Assignments to Complete:

Part I: How Would You Divide Up Western Lands After The American Revolution?

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part I: How Would You Divide Up Western Lands After The American Revolution?"

2.  After the American Revolution, the Treaty of Paris granted the United States all of the land east of the Mississippi River.  A great debate over who this land belong to broke out between the states.  Some states
     claimed the land west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Mississippi River for themselves.  Others such as Thomas Jefferson felt that the land should be divided into new states.  Take a few moments
     to explore the resources in boxes 1-6 of the
materials.

3.  Look at the
maps in boxes 3 and 4 of the materials to located each of the land claims made by each of the 13 original states following the American Revolution.  In your LiveBinder textbox, make a list of the
     three original states that claimed parts of what is now the State of Ohio.

4.  Now look at and discuss boxes 5 and 6 of the materials with your group.  Many people such as Thomas Jefferson encouraged the states to give up these claims so that new and equal states could be created. 
     Examine boxes 5 and 6 of the materials carefully to answer each of the following questions in your LiveBinder textbox: 

     A.  How would you best describe Thomas Jefferson's plan to divide up western lands? 

     B.  Why do you think he choose some of the interesting names for each of the new states? 

     C.  Had Jefferson's plan been used, which one of Jefferson's new states would we live in today?


5.  Now it is your group's turn to create a plan for dividing up western lands!  Download a copy of the
Dividing Up Western Lands PowerPoint Activity.  Open the file on your MacBook in PowerPoint.  Use the drawing
     and text tools within PowerPoint to draw the boundaries for your own states.  Be sure to name and label each new state with the text tools.  Save your map to your computer. 

     ** Be sure to upload the PowerPoint file to your LiveBinder media box for credit. **   


 
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 Part II: The Land Ordinance of 1785

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part II: The Land Ordinance of 1785"

2.  Eventually the original 13 states agreed to western boarders and agreed to give control of the disputed territory to the Continental Congress.  Congress passed two important laws in order to organize the
     territory and to set up a process to create new states.  These two laws were known as The Land Ordinance of 1785 and the NorthWest Ordinance of 1787.  In order to begin learning about these important
     laws, conduct an Internet search to find the definitions for the following terms: Land Ordinance of 1785, township, section, acre.  Place each term and definition in your LiveBinder text box. 

3.  Take a few moments to examine the information on this website about the Land Ordinance of 1785.  You may also wish to read the information on this webpage about the Land Ordinance of 1785 as well. 
     Be sure to also watch the video in box 7 of the materials to learn more about how western lands were divided into townships as well as the Dividing Up Western Lands Infographic #1 to learn even more. 

        
      Infographic #1        Infographic #2

4.  In your LiveBinder text box, make a list of at least 5 facts you learned about the Land Ordinance of 1785.

5.  Now in your LiveBinder text box, answer the following questions below:

    
A.  The Land Ordinance of 1785 divided western lands into what were called? 

     B.  How many square miles were found within a township?  (L x W = square miles)

     C.  How many one mile by one mile sections were found within each township across the west?

     D.  How much did it cost to purchase one acre of land in the western territories? 

     E.  Why was the 16th section of each township reserved and not available for purchase? 


6.  Next look at the map of the original townships created in what is now Cuyahoga County Ohio.  Use the map to locate each of the original townships that once boarded Parma Township. 
     Make a list of each of these in your LiveBinder text box. 
   

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 Part III: The Northwest Ordinance of 1787  

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part III: The Northwest Ordinance"

2.  The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 created the process by a territory could someday become a state.  In order to better understand the Northwest Ordinance, conduct an Internet search to find the definitions for
     the following terms: Northwest Ordinance, territory, legislature, jury trial, freedom of religion, statehood.  Place each term and definition in your LiveBinder text box. 

3.  Now that you have defined some important terms, take a few moments to read over the information about the Northwest Ordinance in the pop-up window.  Remember that if you would like the text read to you,
     your may use the text to speech function. You will also want to explore boxes 12-14 all of the materials
to learn more about the Northwest Ordinance. 



4.  Now using what you have learned about the Northwest Ordinance, answer the questions below in your LiveBinder textbox:

    A.  What was the propose or goal of the Northwest Ordinance?

    B.  What territory did the Northwest Ordinance create?

    C.  What is an example of a modern day territory? 

    D.  Based on the law, how many new states could be created within the Northwest Territory?

    E.  How many people had to live in a territory before they could elect representatives?

    F.  How many people had to live in a territory before they could apply for statehood?

    G.  Make a list of at least 3 rights granted to citizens in the Northwest Territory.




5.  Finally, create at least 3 of your own questions about the Northwest Territory in your LiveBinder textbox.  They may not be the same questions as above. 


    

Blue Activity:

 Assignments to Complete:

 Part I: How Would You Divide Up Western Lands After The American Revolution?

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part I: How Would You Divide Up Western Lands After The American Revolution?"

2.  After the American Revolution, the Treaty of Paris granted the United States all of the land east of the Mississippi River.  A great debate over who this land belong to broke out between the states.  Some states
     claimed the land west of the Appalachian Mountains and east of the Mississippi River for themselves.  Others such as Thomas Jefferson felt that the land should be divided into new states.  Take a few moments
     to explore the resources in boxes 1-6 of the materials.

3.  Look at the maps in boxes 3 and 4 of the materials to located each of the land claims made by each of the 13 original states following the American Revolution.  In your LiveBinder textbox, make a list of the
     three original states that claimed parts of what is now the State of Ohio.

4.   Examine boxes 5 and 6 of the materials carefully with your group.  Many people such as Thomas Jefferson encouraged the states to give up these claims so that new and equal states could be created. 

5.  Now it is your group's turn to create a plan for dividing up western lands!  Download a copy of the Dividing Up Western Lands PowerPoint Activity.  Open the file on your MacBook in PowerPoint.  Use the drawing
     and text tools within PowerPoint to draw the boundaries for your own states.  Be sure to name and label each new state with the text tools.  Save your map to your computer. 

     ** Be sure to upload the PowerPoint file to your LiveBinder media box for credit. **   

                                         

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 Part II: The Land Ordinance of 1785

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part II: The Land Ordinance of 1785"

2.  Eventually the original 13 states agreed to western boarders and agreed to give control of the disputed territory to the Continental Congress.  Congress passed two important laws in order to organize the
     territory and to set up a process to create new states.  These two laws were known as The Land Ordinance of 1785 and the Northwest Ordinance of 1787.  In order to begin learning about these important
     laws, conduct an Internet search to find the definitions for the following terms: Land Ordinance of 1785, township, and acre.  Place each term and definition in your LiveBinder text box. 

3.  Take a few moments to watch the video in box 7 of the materials to learn more about how western lands were divided into townships.  You should also explore the Dividing Up Western Lands Infographic #1
     to learn even more. 

        
      Infographic #1        Infographic #2

4.  Now in your LiveBinder text box, answer the following questions below:

    
A.  How many square miles were found within a township?  (L x W = square miles)

     B.  How many one mile by one mile sections were found within each township across the west?

     C.  How much did it cost to purchase one acre of land in the western territories? 

     D.  Why was the 16th section of each township reserved and not available for purchase? 


6.  Next look at the map of the original townships created in what is now Cuyahoga County Ohio.  Use the map to locate each of the original townships that once boarded Parma Township. 
     Make a list of each of these in your LiveBinder text box. 

 
 
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Part III: The Northwest Ordinance of 1787  

1.  In your LiveBinder textbox, write the following title for this section: "Part III: The Northwest Ordinance"

2.  The Northwest Ordinance of 1787 created the process by a territory could someday become a state.  In order to better understand the Northwest Ordinance, conduct an Internet search to find the definitions for
     the following terms: Northwest Ordinance, territory, statehood.  Place each term and definition in your LiveBinder text box. 

3.  Now that you have defined some important terms, take a few moments to read over the information about the Northwest Ordinance in the pop-up window.  Remember that if you would like the text read to you,
     your may use the text to speech function.  You will also want to explore boxes 12-14 all of the materials
to learn more about the Northwest Ordinance. 



4.  Now using what you have learned about the Northwest Ordinance, answer the questions below in your LiveBinder textbox:

    A.  What was the propose or goal of the Northwest Ordinance?

    B.  What territory did the Northwest Ordinance create?

    C.  What was one right citizens in the Northwest Territory were guaranteed? 

    D.  How many people had to live in a territory before it could become a state?

    E.  List the states found in the Northwest Territory today.




5.  Finally, create at least 1 of your own questions about the Northwest Territory in your LiveBinder textbox.  They may not be the same questions as above. 
    



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