Your Journey Through U.S. History Starts Here!

Unit #7: Westward Expansion - Why Go West?
Learning Target: I can PLAN a trip west for my wagon group.   

Please complete the steps below to prepare for this assignment:

 Follow the directions below.  You will be creating a tab for your learning targets and a page for this assignment. 
 
 1.  Copy the learning target above into your LiveBinder.  Be sure to include today's date. 

 2.  Create a new tab in your LiveBinder titled "Why Go West?". 

 3.  Now click on "content" > "text" > "text-media" option. 


Wagon Leader Activity:

Assignments to Complete:

Chore #1: Why Did Americans Move West?
 
1.  Howdy partner!  Welcome back on the trail!  As a wagon leader it is your job to make sure that each student in your wagon group understands why Americans moved west during the 1800's.  Click on the
     thumbnail below to examine each reason why Americans moved west during the 1800's.  You will need to become an expert so that you can lead a discussion with your wagon group about these reasons.  You
     will also have to discuss with your wagon group where your wagon will be traveling.  

       

2.  Wait until all of the members of your wagon group have completed their first chore.  The other riders in your wagon group will be working together to discover the reasons why Americans moved west in the
     early 1800s.  In order to ensure your survival, please make sure that all of the members of your wagon group are completing the activity.     When each member of your group has completed their first chore,
     go over the answers with your wagon group.  Use the information you learned from the thumbnail above to teach them.  Check to make sure that each member of your wagon group has the correct answers.

3.  Once you are comfortable that your wagon group has learned all of the reasons why Americans went west during the 1800s (you will be tested on this later), hold a discussion a discussion with your wagon
     group to decide the reason your wagon group is traveling west.  Ask the members of your wagon group "For which of the reasons we learned about are we going west?"  Write down your decision in your
     LiveBinder textbox in the form of a complete sentence.
    
 ** This is important partner, as wagon leader, check to make sure that each member of your wagon group has completed their chores to avoid any "problems" on the trail!


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 Chore #2: Find The Right Trail For Your Wagon Group

1.  Now that you and your wagon group have decided on a reason to go west, it is time to find the right trail to follow to reach your final destination.  Ask each member of your wagon group to open the
     Interactive Trail Map. 

2.  Next, assign ONE member of your wagon group the Wild West Wild Card Activity.  Assist your fellow wagon rider with this activity as much as possible.  Check frequently to make sure that this important task is
     being completed.  Otherwise "problems" might come up on the trail. 

3.  Now, have each member of your wagon group have opened the Interactive Trail Map, use the interactive map features to answer the questions below.  Have each member of your wagon group place the
     answers in their LiveBinder textbox.  Be sure to check their work to ensure that each member of your wagon group has the correct information.

     Ask the members of your wagon group the following questions:

     A.  What would be the BEST route for our wagon to reach its destination?
          *Plan and teach your wagon group the best trail to take for the reason you are moving west.  For example, if your wagon is going west for farm land, you should take the Oregon Train.  If your wagon is
            going west in search of gold and silver, you should use the California train.  If your wagon is searching for religious freedom you should take the Mormon Trail.  If your wagon is moving west for economic
            opportunity then you can take any of the trails listed on the map. 

     B.  Where does your route begin?  Where does your route end?
          *Ask each member of your wagon group to point to these locations on their screen.  Check to see that they are pointing to the correct locations. 

     C.  Make a list of all the natural features such as mountains, rivers, valleys, will your wagon pass will pass on the way to your destination.
          *Lead a discussion with our fellow wagon riders to draft a list. 

4.  When they are ready (it may take about 15 minutes), have the member of your wagon group working on the Wild West Wild Card activity share their PowerPoint images with the rest of the group.  Do not forget
     to do this otherwise you could encounter problems on the trail. 
        
 ** Look dude, this is important!  As wagon leader, check to make sure that each member of your wagon group has completed their chores to avoid any "problems" on the trail!

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Chore #3: What Should You Expect On The Wagon Trail?

1.  Have each member of your wagon group watch the following short videos: "Wagon Trails West" and "Story of US - Oregon Trail" to learn more about pioneer life on a wagon trail.  As wagon leader, you can
     decide if you are going to watch these videos as a group or individually.  Be sure that each member of your wagon group is watching the videos.  You would not want something bad to happen to your group on
     the trail. 

2.  Once everyone has watched the videos, hold a discussion about some of the challenges your group will be facing on the trail as you head west.

3.  With your wagon group, decide on the 3 "BIGGEST" challenges pioneers faced on the trail.  Have each member of your group list each of these challenges in their LiveBinder text box. 

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Chore #4: Packing Up Your Wagon

1.  Explain to your fellow wagon riders that pioneers traveling by covered wagon had to be very careful of their "Conestoga Wagon's" weight.  If your wagon was too heavy, the trip could be much more difficult for
     the oxen.  You may also have difficulty crossing rivers along the trail.  This is one of the reasons why men and women would walk beside their wagons rather than inside of it.  The typical journey by covered
     wagon west was five months long.  Pioneers would typically pack enough food and supplies to last them for that amount of time.   Your wagon is about the same size as a modern day light pick up truck bed. 
     That being said, you can only take with you what you will need on the trail and when you first arrive in the west. 

2.  You and your wagon group should now open the "Westward Supplies" document.   As wagon leader, read over the information on pages 2 and 3 with the other members of your wagon group.  Assign each
     member of your group a part to read. 

3.  Next you and your wagon group will need to decide what to pack in your wagon as you begin your journey west.  Have each member of your wagon group look over the list of supplies on page #1 of the
     "Westward Supplies" document.   You and your wagon group should also read the following article to learn more about what pioneers often pack in their wagons.  Packing correctly will help you survive on the
     trail.  Packing incorrectly will cause "problems" for you and your wagon group. 

4.  Lead a discussion among your wagon group members to decide what to pack.  As wagon leader, download the Westward Wagon Trail Calculator Excel spreadsheet.  Collaborate with the members of your
     group to decide what to bring on the trip.  Enter the items your wagon group chooses to bring on the trip.  You must be sure that your wagon does not weigh more than 2,000 pounds.  You may also only spend
     a total of $600.  The spreadsheet will help you calculate money spent and your wagon's weight. 

5.  Create a sub tab in your LiveBinder and upload your spreadsheet.

 ** As wagon leader, check to make sure that each member of your wagon group has completed their chores to avoid any "problems" on the trail!  Rest up!  Tomorrow we continue our
      journey west!


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Wagon Rider Activity:

Assignments to Complete:

Chore #1: Why Did Americans Move West?

 
1.  Howdy partner!  Welcome back on the trail!  As you are about to set out on your journey west, it is important for you to understand why pioneers like yourself would have wanted to move west.  For this chore
     you will be learning the reasons why many Americans decided to move west during the 1800s.  You and your wagon group will be looking at some images and discussing the reasons you believe pioneers
     decided to move west.  Your wagon leader will then be teaching you about each of these reasons so be sure to listen.  You would not want to run into any problems on the trail now would you?   

2.  Click on the thumbnails below.  Each of the images illustrates one reason why Americans moved west during the 1800s.  Discuss each of the images with the other members of your wagon group (except your
     wagon leader.)

    A.                       B.                        C.                        D.     

3.  After you have looked at each of the images above, collaborate and discuss why you believe Americans moved west during the 1800s.  Each image represents one reason.  List each  of these reasons in your
     LiveBinder text box. 

4.  Answer the following question in your LiveBinder: "For which on of these reasons would you like to go west?"  Be sure to explain your answer.   

5.  Let your wagon leader know when you have completed this chore.  Your wagon leader will be going over the answers with your wagon group.  Be sure to pay attention.
    

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 Chore #2: Find The Right Trail For Your Wagon Group

1.  Now that you and your wagon group have decided on a reason to go west, it is time to find the right trail to follow to reach your final destination.  To view a map of all of your possible destinations, open the
     Interactive Trail Map. 

2.  Oh no an extra chore has popped up on the trail.  In order to continue moving west, ONE member of your wagon group needs to complete Wild West Wild Card Activity below.  One of you may volunteer or the
     wagon leader will choose someone to complete this important chore.

3.  For the other members of your wagon group, listen to your wagon leader as they go over the Interactive Trail Map.  Answer each of the questions your wagon leader asks you using your map.  Place your
     answers in your LiveBinder textbox. 

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Chore #3: What Should You Expect On The Wagon Trail?

1.  Your wagon leader is going to ask yo to short videos: "Wagon Trails West" and "Story of US - Oregon Trail" to learn more about pioneer life on a wagon trail. 

2.  Once everyone has watched the videos, participate a discussion led by your wagon leader about some of the challenges your group will be facing on the trail as you head west.

3.  With your wagon group, decide on the 3 "BIGGEST" challenges pioneers faced on the trail.  Write a list each of these challenges in your LiveBinder text box. 

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Chore #4: Packing Up Your Wagon

1.  Alright partner it's time to get packin'.  Listen to you wagon leader as they tell you more about your wagon and about what pioneers would take west with them. 

2.  When your wagon leader tells you, open the "Westward Supplies" document.   Take a turn reading the information your wagon leader assigns.  Be sure to read carefully as your success on the trail may depend
     on packing correctly.

3.  Next you and your wagon group will need to decide what to pack in your wagon as you begin your journey west.  Go over the list of supplies on page #1 of the the "Westward Supplies" document.   You and
     your wagon group should also read the following article to learn more about what pioneers often pack in their wagons.  Packing correctly will help you survive on the trail.  Packing incorrectly will cause
     "problems" for you and your wagon group. 

4.  Participate in a discussion among your wagon group members to decide what to pack.  Your wagon leader will be downloading the Westward Wagon Trail Calculator Excel spreadsheet and recording your
     items.  You must be sure that your wagon does not weigh more than 2,000 pounds.  You may also only spend a total of $600.  Ask your wagon leader if you have any questions. 

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Wild West Wild Card Activity:

Assignments to Complete:

Extra Important Chore!:
What kind of terrain and landscapes would I find on the Oregon Trail?
 
1.  Hey Dude!  Glad you could help your fellow wagon riders get more of a visual of what the Oregon Trail might have looked like.  Please do the following steps below. 

2.  Please open a blank PowerPoint file.  You will be placing your work into this file so that you may share it with your fellow wagon riders. 

3.  Examine the Map of the Oregon Trail to locate various locations pioneers passed on their journey west.  Place this map at the start of your PowerPoint presentation so that you can share it with the other wagon
     riders. 

4.  Next, find an image for each of the following: The Great Plains, The Rocky Mountains,  and the Columbia River.  Place each image into its own PowerPoint slide with an appropriate title. 

5.  Now locate at least 3 additional locations on the Map of the Oregon Trail.   (For example: Chimney Rock)  You can use google or any other search engine you would like to find your images.  Place each of these
     images into its own PowerPoint slide with an appropriate title. 

6.  Save your PowerPoint file to your computer and then upload it to your LiveBinder.  You may need to create a subtab to do so. 

7.  Share your presentation with the other members of your wagon group.

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