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Unit #3: The Enlightenment encourages the American Revolution & Republic
 
 Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY the Enlightenment ideas that encouraged the American Revolution and the creation of a republic. 


Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 


Part 1: Events Leading Up to the American Revolution

 1.   The Enlightenment encouraged people to begin thinking differently about the people's relationship with their governments.  In the 1760s and 1770s American colonists began to question the idea of an English
       monarch ruling over America from 3,000 miles away.  A spirit of independence began to grow in America with each new generation.  British attempts to tax and control America only made this spirit of
       independence stronger.    Eventually the Enlightenment ideas encouraged Americans to fight for their independence and to create the longstanding republic we have today!

       Take a moment to download the The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes.  Be sure to click "File" > "Save As Google Doc."

 2.  Read pages 563-564 in your textbook, explore the Blendspace resources, or conduct an Internet search to answer the questions about the events leading up to the American Revolution in Part 1 of the
      The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes

      Causes of the American Revolution Blendspace Resources                         Scroll down to page 17 of the digital textbook for this section. 

 3.  Participate in a classroom review of each question.  Please be prepared to participate.  



Part 2: The Declaration of Independence!

1.   Next, watch each of the videos to learn more about the history of the Declaration of Independence: Video #1  |  Video #2 (Be sure to start the video at 17min and watch unitl 28min)

         


2.  Take a few moments explore the many Blendspace resources provided to learn more about how the Declaration of Independence was written. 
          
3.  Now read the passage about the creation of the Declaration of Independence below.  Use your highlighter tool to highlight parts of the passage in your
     The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes you feel are important.

    
 

 

The American colonies had been in conflict with the British government since 1767 when the Townsend Acts were passed by the British Parliament. These laws not only added new taxes to the colonies they also disbanded the New York legislature until it complied with orders to pay for food, supplies and barracks for British soldiers. This was called a Quartering Act. The Townsend Acts increased tension between the colonists and the British government. These tensions erupted into the Boston Massacre in 1770 and the Boston Tea Party in 1773. Britain passed additional laws in 1774 that were called the Intolerable Acts that were designed to punish the colonies for the Boston Tea Party.

Twelve of the colonies sent a total of 56 delegates to Philadelphia to review the situation with Great Britain in 1774. This group was called the First Continental Congress. They called for a boycott of English goods and petitioned the king to address colonial grievances. The Second Continental Congress met May 1775 again in Philadelphia. By this time the Battles of Lexington and Concord had already taken place in Massachusetts and the Revolutionary War had begun. This group of delegates organized the Continental Army in June 1775 to fight the war for independence. The Second Continental Congress was the government for the colonists during the entire Revolutionary War.

This Congress heard the first petition for independence from Britain read by Richard Henry Lee of Virginia on June 7, 1776 even though many delegates favored remaining as British colonies. The Congress recessed for three weeks. A Committee of Five was appointed to write a draft of a statement of independence from Britain during that time. The five men were: John Adams of Massachusetts, Roger Sherman of Connecticut, Benjamin Franklin of Pennsylvania, Robert R. Livingston of New York, and Thomas Jefferson of Virginia. However, Thomas Jefferson was the primary writer of the document.  Jefferson was a student of the Enlightenment.  As a writer and a politician he supported the ideas of the Enlightenment.  He felt that people should have a say in their government and the government should respect the rights of the people.  Jefferson used those ideas to help him write the powerful words within the Declaration of Independence. 

The Congress met again on July 1 and adopted the Lee Resolution by a vote of 12 to 1. The Congress reviewed Jefferson’s Declaration of Independence, making small changes. The Second Continental Congress adopted the Declaration of Independence on July 4, 1776.

 


4.  Be prepared to share with the class the parts which you highlighted. 






Part 3: America Creates a Republic!

1.   Now, complete Part 3 on the The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes to learn about how Enlightenment ideas encouraged the creation of the American  
      "Republic" .  Read pages 565-567 or use the online resources below to answer the questions. 

      Teaching American History Website |   Constitutional Study Guide PDF  |  Ratifying the Constitution and the Bill of Rights   |  Influences on the Constitution 


             Scroll down to page 20 of the digital textbook for this section. 


2.  Participate in a classroom discussion of this section.  Be prepared to answer questions. 







Part 4: Matching Enlightenment Ideas in the American Revolution & Republic!

1.   Now, complete Part 4 on the The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes to learn about how Enlightenment ideas encouraged the creation of the American  
      "Republic" .  Use the chart on page 566 to help you. 

      Teaching American History Website |   Constitutional Study Guide PDF  |  Ratifying the Constitution and the Bill of Rights   |  Influences on the Constitution 


             Scroll down to page 20 of the digital textbook for this section. 


    Primary Source Quotes:

 

"We hold these truths to be self-evident, that all men are created equal, that they are endowed by their Creator with certain unalienable Rights, that among these are Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness.” (Declaration of Independence)

 

 Congress shall make no law respecting an establishment of religion, or prohibiting the free exercise thereof.” (U.S. Bill of Rights)

 

"All legislative powers herein granted shall be vested in a Congress of the United States, which shall consist of a Senate and House of Representatives.  The executive power shall be vested in a President of the United States of America.  The judicial power of the United States shall be vested in one supreme Court, and in such inferior Courts as the Congress may from time to time ordain and establish.” (U.S. Constitution)

 


2.  Participate in a classroom discussion of this section.  Be prepared to answer questions. 








Part 5: Enlightenment Ideas in the American Revolution & Republic Composition Conclusion.

1.   Finally, complete Part 5 on the The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes to summarize all you have learned in this section.  Use the information in the rest
      of this assignment to help you compose a well written essay. 

     

Begin by asking a question: "How did Enlightenment ideas influence the American Revolution and the Creation of the Republic?"  You can use the answer to that question to compose a thesis statement. 

     For example: Enlightenment ideas influenced the American Revolution and Republic by (list 3 Enlightenment ideas from the chart here). 

3.  You can use the outline below to help you compose your work:

    Paragraph #1: Thesis Statement - Restate and answer the question with what you learned from the chart.  

      

      A.  Intro Sentence:

      

      B.  Supporting Detail:

 

      C.  Supporting Detail:

 

      D.  Supporting Detail:

      

      E.  Thesis Statement:  Enlightenment ideas influenced the American Revolution and Republic by (list 3 reasons from the chart here). 

 

 

 

    Paragraph #2: Discuss first reason using info from the chart

      

      A.  Topic Sentence:

      

      B.  Supporting Detail:

 

      C.  Supporting Detail:

 

      D.  Supporting Detail:

 

      E.  Conclusion:

 

   Paragraph #3: Discuss second reason using info from the chart

 

      A.  Topic Sentence:

      

      B.  Supporting Detail:

 

      C.  Supporting Detail:

 

      D.  Supporting Detail:

 

       E.  Conclusion:

 

     Paragraph #4: Discuss third reason using info from the chart

     

      A.  Topic Sentence:

      

      B.  Supporting Detail:

 

      C.  Supporting Detail:

 

      D.  Supporting Detail:

 

      E.  Conclusion:

 

 

 

     Paragraph #5: Conclusion Paragraph (Summing it all up)

     

      A.  Topic Sentence:  Restate question and hypothesis 

      

      B.  Supporting Detail:

 

      C.  Supporting Detail:

 

      D.  Supporting Detail:

 

      E.  Conclusion:

 










Part 4: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your  The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check
       your answers using the  The Enlightenment Encourages the American Revolution and Republic Guided Notes

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your Enlightenment in America  here!

3.    Good Job!





  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org