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Unit #3: The French Revolution - The End of the Monarch & the Birth of the Republic!
 
 Learning Target: I can EXPLAIN how the Reign of Terror during the French Revolution led to the rise of Napoleon Bonaparte.  


Directions:
 
Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 



Part 1: Important Vocabulary

1.   Next, use your text book (pages 582-585) to define the terms below.  Place their definitions in your Google Slides on slides #2-4 of your
      The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment.  You can also use your glossary or conduct an Internet search. 

     (659-662 in digital book)
  

     Maximilien Robespierre:

     Committee of Public Safety:

     Reign of Terror:

     The Directory:

     Napoleon Bonaparte:

      coup d'Etat:

 

2.  Be prepared to share the definitions with the class. 




Part 2: When was the Reign of Terror?

1.   Now, complete Part 2 of the The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment to see when the Reign of Terror became part of the French Revolution.

2.  Look at the timeline below.  Use the information on the timeline to answer the questions on slide #5 of your
     The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment.
  

Timeline of the French Revolution
 

 

1. In what year was the storming of the Bastille?

 

 

2. What occurred in July of 1792?

 

 

3.  When was Louis XVI executed?

 

 

3.  Between what years was the Reign of Terror?

 

 

4.  In 1794 the Reign of Terror ended with the execution

      of which leader?

 

 

 


   
3.  Participate in a classroom discussion of each quote.  Be prepared to answer questions. 




Part 3: The Reign of Terror!

1.   Now, complete Part 3 of The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment to learn more about the Reign of Terror!  Read the passage below and
      highlight any information you feel is important to understanding the Reign of Terror in your The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment using the
      highlighter tool.


 

 

The Terror Grips France

 

Foreign armies were not the only enemies of the French Republic. The Jacobins had thousands of enemies within France itself. These included peasants who were horrified by the king’s execution, priests who would not accept government control, and rival leaders who were stirring up rebellion in the provinces. How to contain and control these enemies became a central issue.

 

Robespierre Assumes Control In the early months of 1793, one Jacobin leader, Maximilian Robespierre, slowly gained power. Robespierre and his supporters set out to build a “republic of virtue” by wiping out every trace of France’s past. Firm believers in reason, they changed the calendar, dividing the year into 12 months of 30 days and renaming each month. This calendar had no Sundays because the radicals considered religion old-fashioned and dangerous. They even closed all churches in Paris, and cities and towns all over France soon did the same.

 

 

In July 1793, Robespierre became leader of the Committee of Public Safety. For the next year, Robespierre governed France virtually as a dictator, and the period of his rule became known as the Reign of Terror. The Committee of Public Safety’s chief task was to protect the Revolution from its enemies. Under Robespierre’s leadership, the committee often had these “enemies” tried in the morning and guillotined in the afternoon. Robespierre justified his use of terror by suggesting that it helped French citizens to remain true to the ideals of the Revolution. . .

 

Thousands of unknown people were also sent to their death, often on the flimsiest of charges. For example, an 18-year-old youth was sentenced to die for cutting down a tree that had been planted as a symbol of liberty. Perhaps as many as 40,000 were executed during the Terror. About 85 percent were peasants or members of the urban poor or middle class—for whose benefit the Revolution had been launched.

 

By July1794 the members of the National Convention became fearful for their own lives.  They soon turned on Robespierre and arrested him.  “Down with the tyrant” could be heard on the streets of Paris.  The next day, Robespierre was taken to the guillotine and executed.   A new government known as the “Directory” took over France.  It was led by 5 moderates who established order in France.  The Directory also appointed a young general named Napoleon Bonaparte to led the French army.

 

 

 


2.  Participate in a classroom discussion about this passage.  Be prepared to share which parts of the passage you underlined.





Part 4: Napoleon Takes Control of France

1.   Next, complete Part 4 of The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment to learn about how Napoleon took over France and ended the French
      Revolution.   Read pages 584-586 in your text book to answer the questions below.  You can also use the online resources below.  Use your text tool to answer each question. 


     History Channel Napoleon  |  History Today  |  The Great Course Daily 
     
         (663-664 in digital book)

 

 

1.  How did Napoleon defend the National Convention from royalists n 1795?

 

 

 

 

2.  During the French Revolution, Napoleon led the French armies to victories in which

     locations? 

 

 

 

 

3. What happened to Napoleon’s armies in Egypt?


4.  Explain how Napoleon seized power in France with a coup d’Etat.



 

 

 


2.  Participate in a classroom discussion of the answer.  Be prepared to answer questions.   Edit your graphic organizer as needed.  





Part 5: Submit your work for a grade


 1.   Once you have completed your The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade. 
       Be sure to check your answers using the  The French Revolution - The Reign of Terror and the Rise of Napoleon Bonaparte Assignment.

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your French Rev. Reign of Terror  here!

3.    Good Job!





  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org