Unit #4: The Napoleonic Era - Napoleon at WAR!
 Learning Target: I can IDENTIFY & DESCRIBE Napoleon's greatest victories and biggest mistakes in his quest to build a French Empire.

Directions: Please follow the directions in the box below to complete the assignment.  Be sure to complete the assignment and carefully check your work before submitting your assignment for a grade. 

Part 1: What were the Napoleonic Wars?

1.  Napoleon Bonaparte spent the majority of his life as a soldier.  He took part in over 60 battles and numerous wars.  Napoleon plunged Europe into a period of almost constant warfare.  History lumps most of
     these conflicts into what are known as the Napoleonic Wars.  In this assignment we will research and analyze some of the most famous battles Napoleon fought. 

     Please take a moment to download the Napoleon at WAR! Student AssignmentBe sure to click on File > Save As Google Slides after you download the file. 

2.   To gain some background knowledge of the "Napoleonic Wars," read the passage below and on slides 2 and 3 of the assignment file.  Use your highlighter tool to indentify the most important information within
      each section. 



Summary of the Napoleonic Wars: 


Napoleon is one of the most famous men in World History!  His legionary military campaigns are still studied today buy militaries around the globe.  At his height of power, Napoleon conquered and controlled more of Europe than anyone since the Roman Empire.  Napoleon began his epic rise to fame leading the French army during the French Revolution.  The chaos and the bloodletting of the French Revolution eventually gave Napoleon the opportunity to crown himself “Emperor.”  Napoleon’s lust for power across the European continent and beyond led to years of warfare known as the Napoleonic Wars.  Napoleon’s enemies across Europe joined forces in what where known as “coalitions” to try and defeat the French Army.   Just as quickly as his empire rose, Napoleon’s downfall would once again shift the balance of power in Europe. 


The Napoleonic wars were a continuation of the French Revolutionary wars, and during them France, under Napoleon, especially towards the end, stood virtually alone against the rest of Europe. In 1803 Great Britain again declared war against France, and in 1805 the Third coalition against France was formed by Britain, Russia, Austria, Sweden and finally Prussia.


In 1805 Napoleon, in what is consider his most tactically brilliant victory defeated the Austrian and Russian armies at Austerlitz, the Prussians at Jena and Auersadt in 1806 and the Russians again in 1807 at Friedland. With the Peace treaty of Tilist, of 1807, sign by Napoleon and the Russian Tsar, forcing the defeated powers to join the continental System which was proclaimed in 1806 and which was a blockade directed against the last opponent, Britain. To bring to her knees, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and Portugal were forced to join the System.


In 1807 Napoleon occupied Portugal and in 1808, Spain, which latter turned out to be a blatant error, turning into a major defeat and a success for the British after the Peninsular Campaign. In 1809, the Austria Army moved against southern Germany and although forced to retreat through Austria and east of Vienna, the Austrian army inflicted the first defeat of Napoleon on the field at the Battle of Aspen-Essling, after which Napoleon again defeated the Austrians at Wargam forcing another peace treaty.


After a period of relative peace, Napoleon invade Russia in 1812, with the Grand Army, consisting of many willing and unwilling allies, the campaign prove to be a fatal error, after a glorious start and occupying Moscow, the forced withdrawal during the serve Russian winter totally annihilated the largest field army to date.

The disaster resulted in Britain, Russia, Austria, Prussia and Sweden forming a new coalition against France and her few remaining allies, mainly small German states, which slowly joined as the state of affairs worsened for France.


In 18013 during a campaign in lower Germany, Napoleon was defeated at the so called Battle of the Nations at Leipzig, which involved armies from almost all the European states. Forced to retreat on all fronts back into France Napoleon compelled to abdicate in 1814 after the occupation of Paris by the allies. Napoleon was excelled to Elba, against Britain's wishes, as she felt this was not far enough away. In 1815, in a desperate attempt to regain power Napoleon escaped from Elba, returned to France and rebuild an army, a shadow of its former glory and started on a 100 days campaign in northern France and Belgium, this was conclude with his defeat at Waterloo and his exile under British supervision to St. Helen.



Part 2: Can you defeat Napoleon?

1.   Napoleon fought numerous battles and campaigns over the course of his military career.   In many of these Napoleon’s military brilliance led France to victory!  In others however, his arrogance and hubris cost
      his army and his empire greatly. 

     To learn more, choose 3 of the battles or campaigns below that result in a three in a row tic-tac-toe winner! 



2.  Use what you learn to create at least one slide for that battle or campaign that includes: (DO NOT COPY & PASTE).  There is a sample slide in your Napoleon at WAR! Student Assignment.



Things to include in your presentation:

The name of the battle or campaign  

The year the battle or campaign was fought  

The location of the battle or campaign  

The countries that are fighting the battle or campaign  

Two important people at the battle or campaign  

Who won the battle or campaign  

Three additional facts about the battle of campaign  

At least one image of the battle or campaign




Part 3: Submit your work for a grade

 1.   Once you have completed your Napoleon at WAR! Student Assignment, use the Google Form below to submit your work for a grade.  Be sure to check your answers using the 
       Napoleon at WAR! Student Assignment.

 2.    Carefully check your answer and submit your work for a grade. 

      Turn in your Napoleon at War Here!

3.    Good Job!

  World History with Mr. Gigliotti | Valley Forge High School | Parma Hts., OH | gigliottip@parmacityschools.org